VX-222 (VCH-222, Lomibuvir)
Molecular Weight(MW): 445.61
VX-222 (VCH-222) is a novel, potent and selective inhibitor of HCV polymerase with IC50 of 0.94-1.2 μM, 15.3-fold less effective for mutant M423T, and 108-fold less effective for mutant I482L. Phase 2.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||VX-222 (VCH-222) is a novel, potent and selective inhibitor of HCV polymerase with IC50 of 0.94-1.2 μM, 15.3-fold less effective for mutant M423T, and 108-fold less effective for mutant I482L. Phase 2.|
|Features||A novel, potent and selective inhibitor of non-nucleoside polymerase, specifically the HCV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.|
VX-222 binds to the thumb II allosteric pocket of the HCV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. VX-222 exhibits non-competitive and selective inhibition in HCV NS5B of genotype 1a and 1b, with IC50 of 0.94 and 1.2 μM, respectively. VX-222 selectively inhibits the replication of subgenomic HCV genotype 1a and 1b with an EC50 of 22.3 and 11.2 nM, respectively.  Similarly, a recent study shows that VX-222 inhibits the 1b/Con1 HCV subgenomic replicon, with an EC50 of 5 nM. VX-222 preferentially inhibits primer-dependent RNA synthesis, showing only a modest or no effect on de novo-initiated RNA synthesis. 
|In vivo||In rats and dogs, VCH-222 displays fine pharmacokinetic proﬁle, including low total body clearance and excellent oral bioavailability (greater than 30%) and good ADME properties. VCH-222 is biotransformed by several enzymes (CYP1A1, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, CYP 3A4, UGT1A3) and is predicted to be actively transported in liver and excreted mainly intact in bile or as glucuronide adducts. |
Anti-NS5B activity assay:The inhibitory effect of VX-222 on HCV NS5B activity is measured by evaluating the amount of radiolabeled UTP incorporated by the C-terminal ∆21 truncated version of enzyme in a newly synthesized RNA using a homopolymeric RNA template / primer namely poly rA / oligo dT. Quantitative detection of incorporated radioactivity is done using a liquid scintillation counter. The in vitro kinetics of inhibition of HCV NS5B from genotype 1b strain BK by VX-222 are determined using the C-terminal ∆21 truncated version of NS5B. VX-222 (1 to 1.5 μM) is tested in the presence of 10 to 75 μM nonradioactive UTP mixed with 0.89 to 6.70 μCi of [α-33P]-labeled UTP. RNA-dependent-RNA polymerase reactions are allowed to proceed for 18 min at 22 °C.
|In vitro||DMSO||89 mg/mL (199.72 mM)|
|Ethanol||89 mg/mL (199.72 mM)|
|In vivo||30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol||30 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01581138||Completed||Chronic Hepatitis C Virus||Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated||July 2012||Phase 2|
|NCT01516918||Completed||Chronic Hepatitis C Virus||Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated||February 2012||Phase 2|
|NCT01080222||Terminated||Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection||Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated||August 2010||Phase 2|
|NCT00958152||Completed||Hepatitis C||Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated||August 2009||Phase 1|
|NCT00911963||Completed||Hepatitis C||Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated|ViroChem Pharma||April 2009||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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