Molecular Weight(MW): 557.04
Neratinib (HKI-272) is a highly selective HER2 and EGFR inhibitor with IC50 of 59 nM and 92 nM in cell-free assays; weakly inhibits KDR and Src, no significant inhibition to Akt, CDK1/2/4, IKK-2, MK-2, PDK1, c-Raf and c-Met. Phase 3.
Cited by 14 Publications
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HER2 mutations V777L, D769H, V842I, G309A induce gain-of-function over HER2 WT in MCF10A mammary epithelial cells. B, HER2 WT, L755S, and del.755–759 cells were grown in Matrigel in the presence of DMSO vehicle (0.5%), neratinib (0.5 μmol/L) or gefitinib (0.5 μmol/L). Phase contrast images were obtained as in A. C, MCF10A-HER2 WT or mutants were seeded in soft agar. After 7 days of growth, they were treated with DMSO vehicle (0.5%), lapatinib (0.5 μmol/L) or neratinib (0.5 μmol/L) for an additional week. Error bars represent 95% highest posterior density intervals. *, Significant difference between the HER2 mutant and HER2 WT; #, the effect of inhibitor treatment was significant (95% highest posterior density interval did not contain 0 for both). D, photomicrographs of the colonies in soft agar on day 12, magnification ×40.
Cancer Discov 2013 3, 224-37. Neratinib (HKI-272) purchased from Selleck.Differential sensitivity of EGFR-mutant glioma and lung cancer cell lines to the irreversible EGFR inhibitors HKI-272 and CI-1033. C, HKI-272 is more potent than CI-1033 in blocking EGFR phosphorylation in SKMG3 cells with EGFR EC mutation. SKMG3 cells were treated with the indicated doses of CI-1033 or HKI-272, and whole lysates were analyzed by immunoblot with the indicated antibodies.
Cancer Discov 2012 2, 458-471. Neratinib (HKI-272) purchased from Selleck.
Differential sensitivity of EGFR-mutant glioma and lung cancer cell lines to the irreversible EGFR inhibitors HKI-272 and CI-1033. A, HKI-272 induces cell death in GBM cells with EGFR EC mutation (SKMG3, SF268) but not EGFR wild-type (WT EGFR) cancer cell lines or astrocytes (NHA). Cell death was assessed by trypan blue exclusion after 5 days of inhibitor treatment. Cells lines in black express wild-type EGFR, whereas those in red contain EGFR EC mutations.
Cancer Discov 2012 2, 458-471. Neratinib (HKI-272) purchased from Selleck.
(C, D) Cells were treated as mentioned above for the indicated times and processed for immunofluorescence experiments with anti-ErbB2 antibody (green). Nuclei were stained with DAPI (blue). Examples of intracellular ErbB2 punctae are indicated with yellow triangles. Scale bar = 10 μm.
Cancer Lett, 2016, 382(2):176-185. Neratinib (HKI-272) purchased from Selleck.
Mean IC50 value of Neratinib. *IC50 is the mean concentration of drug that reduced cell survival by 50% in at least two experiments. Data are shown as mean ± SD (n=6) of one representative experiment. Similar results were obtained in three experiments. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01;*** p < 0.001
Oncotarget, 2016, 7(36):58038-58050. Neratinib (HKI-272) purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective HER2 Inhibitors
|Description||Neratinib (HKI-272) is a highly selective HER2 and EGFR inhibitor with IC50 of 59 nM and 92 nM in cell-free assays; weakly inhibits KDR and Src, no significant inhibition to Akt, CDK1/2/4, IKK-2, MK-2, PDK1, c-Raf and c-Met. Phase 3.|
Neratinib weakly inhibits tyrosine kinases KDR and Src with IC50 of 0.8 μM and 1.4 μM, respectively, being 14- and 24-fold less active compared with HER2. Neratinib displays no activity against other serine-threonine kinases such as Akt, cyclin D1/cdk4, cyclin E/cdk2, cyclin B1/cdk1, IKK-2, MK-2, PDK1, c-Raf, and Tpl-2, as well as the tyrosine kinase c-Met. Neratinib selectively inhibits the proliferation of 3T3 cells transfected with the HER2 (3T3/neu), as well as two other HER-2-overexpressing SK-Br-3 and BT474 cells with IC50 values of 2-3 nM, displaying >230-fold potency compared with non-transfected 3T3 cells as well as MDA-MB-435 and SW620 which are EGFR- and HER2-negative. Neratinib also inhibits the proliferation of EGFR-dependent A431 cells with an IC50 of 81 nM. Neratinib reduces HER2 receptor autophosphorylation in BT474 cells with an IC50 of 5 nM, and EGF-dependent phosphorylation of EGFR in A431 cells with IC50 of 3 nM. Blocking of HER-2 by Neratinib results in inhibition of downstream MAPK and Akt pathways with IC50 of 2 nM, more potently than Trastuzumab. Neratinib inhibits the cyclin D1 expression and the phosphorylation of the Rb-susceptibility gene production in BT474 cells with IC50 of 9 nM, leading to G1-S arrest and ultimately decreased cell proliferation. 
|In vivo||Oral administration of Neratinib significantly inhibits the growth of 3T3/neu xenografts, with inhibition of 34%, 53%, 98%, and 98% at dose of 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg/day, respectively. Consistent with the inhibition of HER-2 phosphorylation by 84% within 1 hour of administration at 40 mg/kg/day, Neratinib inhibits the growth of BT474 xenografts by 70-82%, 67%, and 93% at dose of 5, 10, and 40 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib is also effective against SK-OV-3 xenografts with inhibition of 31% and 85% at 5 and 60 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib is less potent against EGFR-dependent A431 xenografts than HER-2-dependent tumors, with 32% and 44% inhibition at 5 and 20 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib displays little activity against MCF-7 and MX-1 xenografts expressing low levels of HER-2 and EGFR, with only 28% inhibition at 80 mg/kg/day, suggesting that Neratinib has selective activity for cells expressing HER-2 or EGFR. |
Cell-free autophosphorylation assay using time-resolved fluorometry:Neratinib is prepared as 10 mg/mL stocks in DMSO and diluted in 25 mM HEPES (pH 7.5; 0.002 ng/mL-20 μg/mL). Purified recombinant COOH-terminal fragments of HER2 (amino acids 676-1255) or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (amino acids 645-1186) [diluted in 100 mM HEPES (pH 7.5) and 50% glycerol] is incubated with increasing concentrations of Neratinib in 4 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 0.4 mM MnCl2, 20 μM sodium vanadate, and 0.2 mM DTT for 15 minutes at room temperature in 96-well ELISA plates. The kinase reaction is initiated by the addition of 40 μM ATP and 20 mM MgCl2 and allowed to proceed for 1 hour at room temperature. Plates are washed, and phosphorylation is detected using Europium-labeled anti-phospho-tyrosine antibodies (15 ng/well). After washing and enhancement steps, signal is detected using a Victor2 fluorescence reader (excitation wavelength 340 nm, emission wavelength 615 nm). The concentration of Neratinib that inhibits receptor phosphorylation by 50% (IC50) is calculated from inhibition curves.
|In vitro||DMSO||5 mg/mL warmed (8.97 mM)|
|Water||slightly soluble or insoluble|
|Ethanol||slightly soluble or insoluble|
|In vivo||Add solvents individually and in order:
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02977780||Recruiting||Glioblastoma||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|Eli Lilly and Company|Celgene|Puma Biotechnology, Inc.|Accelerate Brain Cancer Cure||February 9, 2017||Phase 2|
|NCT02673398||Recruiting||HER2 Positive Breast Carcinoma|Recurrent Breast Carcinoma|Stage IV Breast Cancer||City of Hope Medical Center|National Cancer Institute (NCI)|Puma Biotechnology, Inc.||October 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02932280||Recruiting||Solid Tumor|Central Nervous System Tumor|Lymphoma|Leukemia||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Milton S. Hershey Medical Center|M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|Stanford University|Arkansas Childrens Hospital Research Institute|Alberta Childrens Hospital|Phoenix Childrens Hospital|University of Texas||October 2016||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02593708||Recruiting||Solid Tumor||Michelle Melisko|University of California, San Francisco||October 2015||Phase 1|
|NCT02400476||Recruiting||Early Stage HER2+ Breast Cancer||Puma Biotechnology, Inc.||February 2015||Phase 2|
|NCT02236000||Recruiting||Breast Cancer||NSABP Foundation Inc|Puma Biotechnology, Inc.||August 2014||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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