Molecular Weight(MW): 431.39
BTZ043 racemate is a decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose 2'-epimerase (DprE1) inhibitor acting as a new antimycobacterial agent that kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
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|Description||BTZ043 racemate is a decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose 2'-epimerase (DprE1) inhibitor acting as a new antimycobacterial agent that kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis.|
|Features||Greater activity against M. tuberculosis than EMB.|
By targeting decaprenylphosphoryl-β-D-ribose 2'-epimerase, BTZ043 abolishes the formation of decaprenylphosphoryl arabinose, leading to cell lysis and death of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. BTZ043 displays similar activity against all clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis, including multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant strains. BTZ043 displays significant activity against M. tuberculosis H37Rv and Mycobacterium smegmatis with MIC of 1 ng/mL (2.3 nM) and 4 ng/mL (9.2 nM), respectively, which is more potent than those of the existing tuberculosis (TB) drugs isoniazid (INH) and ethambutol (EMB) with MIC of 0.02-0.2 μg/mL and 1-5 μg/mL, respectively. BTZ043 is less effective in two different model systems (auxotrophy and starvation) involving metabolically inert M. tuberculosis, indicating that BTZ043 blocks a step in active metabolism similar to isoniazid (INH). BTZ043 treatment in M. smegmatis cells decreases the growth rate rapidly followed by a swelling of the poles and lysis of the cells after a few hours, which is similar but delayed in M. tuberculosis.  BTZ043 (1/4 MIC 0.375 ng/mL) in combination with TMC207 (1/4 MIC 20 ng/mL) has a stronger cidal effect on M. tuberculosis but not BTZ-resistant M. tuberculosis mutant than TMC207 alone at a concentration of 80 ng/mL. 
|In vivo||In a mouse model of chronic tuberculosis, administration of BTZ043 at 37.5 mg/kg or 300 mg/kg for 4 weeks reduces the bacterial burden in the lungs and spleens by 1 and 2 logs, respectively. |
|In vitro||DMSO||22 mg/mL (50.99 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
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