Sinapinic Acid

For research use only.

Catalog No.S3981 Synonyms: Sinapic acid

Sinapinic Acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. 530-59-6

Sinapinic acid (Sinapic acid) is a small naturally occurring hydroxycinnamic acid which belongs to phenylpropanoid family and commonly used as matrix in MALDI mass spectrometry. Sinapinic acid (Sinapic acid) acts as an inhibitor of HDAC, with IC50 of 2.27 mM, and also inhibits ACE-I activity.

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Biological Activity

Description Sinapinic acid (Sinapic acid) is a small naturally occurring hydroxycinnamic acid which belongs to phenylpropanoid family and commonly used as matrix in MALDI mass spectrometry. Sinapinic acid (Sinapic acid) acts as an inhibitor of HDAC, with IC50 of 2.27 mM, and also inhibits ACE-I activity.
Targets
HDAC [3]
()
ACE1 [4]
()
In vitro

Sinapic acid is widespread in the plant kingdom (fruits, vegetables, cereal grains, oilseed crops, and some spices and medicinal plants). Sinapic acid shows antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and anti-anxiety activity. Sinapic acid inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation in macrophages. Via NF-κB inactivation sinapic acid suppresses the expression of proinflammatory mediators such as inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-1β. Sinapic acid exerts an inhibitory effect against tumorigenic colon cells, but a low influence on breast cancer cells. It also shows antiproliferative action (ability to prevent, or retard, the spread of malignant cells into surrounding tissue) on the human breast cancer T47D cell line[1].

In vivo

Sinapic acid is an important anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) agent. Its anxiolytic-like effect is mediated by the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter system. Sinapic acid might act like the agonist of a specific GABA receptor. Due to its metal-chelating ability, it has a protective effect against arsenic-induced toxicity in rats as measured by the activities of serum hepatospecific enzymes, together with lipid peroxidative markers[1]. SA inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced NO, prostaglandin E2, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β production in a dose-dependent manner through the suppression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2, and proinflammatory cytokines expressions. In addition, SA exhibits cognitive-ameliorating effects in a CO2- or scopolamine-induced mouse amnesic model. It attenuates Aβ1-42 protein-induced hippocampal neuronal cell death and thus exhibits neuroprotection against Aβ protein-induced neuronal injuries[2].

Protocol

Animal Research:

[2]

- Collapse
  • Animal Models: Mouse model of amyloid β (Aβ)1-42 protein-induced Alzheimer
  • Dosages: 10 mg/kg/day
  • Administration: p.o.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 44 mg/mL (196.24 mM)
Ethanol 44 mg/mL (196.24 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 224.21
Formula

C11H12O5
 

CAS No. 530-59-6
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms Sinapic acid
Smiles COC1=CC(=CC(=C1O)OC)C=CC(=O)O

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HDAC Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID