Moxifloxacin HCl

Catalog No.S1465 Synonyms: BAY12-8039 HCl

Moxifloxacin HCl Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 437.89

Moxifloxacin is a fourth-generation synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent.

Size Price Stock Quantity  
In DMSO USD 160 In stock
USD 97 In stock
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Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective Topoisomerase Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description Moxifloxacin is a fourth-generation synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent.
Targets
Topoisomerase II [1] Topoisomerase IV [1]
In vitro

Moxifloxacin exerts its effects by trapping a DNA drug enzyme complex and specifically inhibiting ATP-dependent enzymes topoisomerase II (DNA gyrase) and topoisomerase IV. Moxifloxacin shows in-vitro potency against M. tuberculosis H37Rv with MIC of 0.177 μg/mL. Moxifloxacin has broad Grampositive and Gram-negative activity. Moxifloxacin shows in vitro and clinical efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Str. pyogenes, Haemophilus influenzae, H. parainfluenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Moxifloxacin has activity against mycobacteria in addition to M. tuberculosis; Moxifloxacin is more active against M. kansasii than M. avium complex: specifically MIC90 for M. avium > M. intracellulare > M. kansasii at 4, 2 and 2 μg/mL, respectively. MIC90 for M. chelonae > M. fortuitum at 16 and 0.5 μg/mL, respectively. [1]

In vivo Moxifloxacin combined with RIF/pyrazinamide (PZA) reduces treatment time by up to 2 months compared to regimens with isoniazid (INH)/RIF/PZA in a mouse model designed to mimic human disease. Similar results with a stable cure are reached after 4 months in mice treated twice weekly with RIF/Moxifloxacin/PZA compared to cure in 6 months when daily treated with RIF/INH/PZA. 100 mg/kg Moxifloxacin in mice gives activity comparable to INH; increased dose in mice to 400 mg/kg Moxifloxacin daily results in spleen CFU counts lower than for INH 25 mg/kg although the differences are not statistically significant. AUC/MIC ratio correlates best with in-vivo efficacy for the fluoroquinolones in a mouse model of tuberculosis. [1]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 87 mg/mL (198.68 mM)
Water 60 mg/mL (137.02 mM)
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
30 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 437.89
Formula

C21H24FN3O4.HCl

CAS No. 186826-86-8
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms BAY12-8039 HCl

Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

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* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT02257398 Completed Infections Respiratory Tract GlaxoSmithKline October 6 2014 Phase 1
NCT02563327 Recruiting Tuberculosis Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|AIDS Clinical Trials Group May 30 2016 Phase 3
NCT01702376 Completed Obstetric Labour Premature GlaxoSmithKline October 3 2012 Phase 1
NCT02193776 Completed Tuberculosis Global Alliance for TB Drug Development October 23 2014 Phase 2
NCT01069900 Completed Intraabdominal Infections Bayer July 21 2010 Phase 3
NCT02770729 Terminated Endophthalmitis University of Campinas Brazil January 2017 Phase 3

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Topoisomerase Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID