Molecular Weight(MW): 371.3
PYR-41 is the first cell-permeable inhibitor of ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1, with no activity at E2.
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(D) Ubiquitination level of Htt protein was detected by immunoprecipitation with the GFP antibody and western blotting with the ubiquitin antibody from GFP-Htt(Q74)/PC12 cells treated as (C). Total Htt protein level served as the loading control. (E) GFP-Htt(Q74)/PC12 cells were treated as (C).Soluble Htt protein was detected by western blotting and quantified. Mean ± SEM, n = 5, ***p < 0.001 compared to the control group. (F) GO binding assay of GFP-Htt(Q74)/PC12 cells treated with GO, followed by Western blotting (left panel) with the ubiquitin antibody and Coomassie Brilliant Blue staining (right panel). L is the lysate before precipitation, while S and P were the supernatant and the pellet, respectively, after the precipitation. (G) Ubiquitination levels of Htt protein in supernatant lysate prepared from GO treated GFP-Htt(Q74)/PC12 cells with or without GO binding for 30 min.
Nanoscale, 2016, 8: 18740-18750. PYR-41 purchased from Selleck.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||PYR-41 is the first cell-permeable inhibitor of ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1, with no activity at E2.|
PYR-41 (50 μM) inhibits activity of ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1 by over 90%. PYR-41 could be a target for nucleophilic attack and potentially reacts with the active site cysteine of E1. PYR-41 efficiently blocks cyclin E degradation. PYR-41 decreases the level of E1fUb thioesters in cells with a IC50 of between 10 and 25 μM, and prevents proteasome inhibitor–induced accumulation of ubiquitylated proteins. PYR-41 increases total sumoylation in cells and in cell harboring temperature-sensitive E1. PYR-41 is able to inhibit both proteasome-dependent and proteasome-independent activities of ubiquitylation. PYR-41 (50 μM) attenuates 1 ng/mL IL-1α-mediated nuclear factor-κB activation by >60% through preventing the downstream ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of IκBα. PYR-41 inhibits degradation of p53 and activates the transcriptional activity of p53, which enable its differentially killing transformed p53-expressing cells.  PYR-41 blocks ubiquitination reactions but paradoxically leads to the accumulation of high MW ubiquitinated proteins. PYR-41 also has equal or greater inhibitory activity against several deubiquitinases (DUBs) in intact cells and purified USP5 in vitro. PYR-41 also mediates cross-linking of specific protein kinases (Bcr-Abl, Jak2) to inhibit their signaling activity. 
|In vitro||DMSO||74 mg/mL (199.29 mM)|
|In vivo||2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O||2mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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