Molecular Weight(MW): 322.31
Dynasore is a cell-permeable, reversible non-competitive dynamin inhibitor of GTPase activity of dynamin 1/2, with IC50 of 15 μM in a cell-free assay, also inhibits the mitochondrial dynamin Drp1, with no effect against other small GTPase.
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Immunocytochemistry demonstrates NR4A1 nuclear location at control (non-chymase treated) in HL-1 cells (a). Chymase (2.5 ug/ml) treatment for 2 h induces NR4A1 (red) cytoplasmic translocation in HL-1 cells as well as myosin (green) disruption (panel b). Active chymase enters HL-1 cells and is prevented by Dynasore (c and d). There marked entry into HL-1 cell nuclei and cytoplasm after treatment with chymase (5 ug/ml) for 2 h that is prevented by pre-treatment with Dynasore. Lack of co-staining with caveolin 3 (green) demonstrates that chymase is not transported via caveolae. Dynasore prevents transferrin uptake in HL-1 cells.
PLoS One 2014 9(4), e94732. Dynasore purchased from Selleck.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||Dynasore is a cell-permeable, reversible non-competitive dynamin inhibitor of GTPase activity of dynamin 1/2, with IC50 of 15 μM in a cell-free assay, also inhibits the mitochondrial dynamin Drp1, with no effect against other small GTPase.|
Dynasore acts as a potent inhibitor of endocytic pathways known to depend on dynamin by rapidly blocking coated vesicle formation within seconds of dynasore addition. Two types of coated pit intermediates accumulate during dynasore treatment, U-shaped, half formed pits and O-shaped, fully formed pits, captured while pinching off. Dynasore at concentration of 80 μM, also inhibits the enzymatic activity of the mitochondrial dynamin Drp1. Dynasore strongly blocks the uptake, trafficking, and intracellular accumulation of transferrin in HeLa cells with IC50 of ~15 μM. Dynasore also prevents the endocytosis of low-density lipoprotein and cholera toxin. Dynasore (80 μM) strongly interferes with the spread of freshly plated cells, and inhibits BSC1 cells migration by about 50%.  Dynasore completely and reversibly blocks endocytosis in cultured hippocampal neurons after sustained or brief action potentials stimuli with full inhibition at 80 μM and a half-maximal inhibition at ~30 μM. In the presence of Dynasore, low-frequency stimulation leads to sustained accumulation of synaptopHluorin and other vesicular proteins on the surface membrane at a rate predicted from net exocytosis, as well as a reduction in the density of synaptic vesicles and the presence of endocytic structures only at synapses.  Dynasore can block human epithelial cell HEK 293 infection of human papillomavirus type 16 and bovine papillomavirus type 1 pseudovirions with equal IC50 of ~80 μM, which is partly reversible. 
|In vitro||DMSO||64 mg/mL (198.56 mM)|
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