Molecular Weight(MW): 477.43
Apalutamide (ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in a cell-free assay, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Phase 3.
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ONC1-0013B inhibits AR activity in vitro. A. ONC1-0013B structure. B. LnCAP cells cultured (10% CSS) for 3 days, then treated with tested compounds in presence of 1nM DHT for 1 day. PSA expression plotted as percentage of vehicle control (DMSO; n=2, mean±SEM). Ki values: 20.0±5.5nM (ONC1-13B), 30.8±7.7nM (MDV3100), 38.4nM (ARN-509). Mean±SEM from 5 replicate experiments (except ARN-509). C. LnCAP cells cultured (10% CSS) for 3 days, then treated with tested compounds in presence of 1nM DHT for 5 days. Viable cells plotted as percentage of vehicle control (DMSO; n=2, mean±SEM). IC50 values: 30nM (ONC1-13B), 148nM (MDV3100), 240nM (ARN-509). D. Competitive-binding assay vs AR ligand Fluormone™ (PolarScreen™ Androgen Receptor Competitor Assay). IC50 values: 19nM (DHT), 7.9uM (ONC1-13B), 16.3uM (MDV3100).
J Cancer, 2014, 5(2):133-42.. Apalutamide (ARN-509) purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective Androgen Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Apalutamide (ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in a cell-free assay, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Phase 3.|
ARN-509 (< 10 μM) inhibits androgen-mediated induction or repression of mRNA expression levels for 13 endogenous genes including PSA and TMPRSS2 in the LNCaP/AR prostate cancer cell line. ARN-509 (< 10 μM) inhibits the proliferative effect of R1881 (30 pM) in the LNCaP/AR prostate cancer cell line. ARN-509 (10 μM) impairs AR nuclear localization and thus reduces the concentration of AR available to bind androgen response elements (ARE) in LNCaP cells expressing AR-EYFP. ARN-509 (10 μM) is able to effectively compete with R1881 (1 nM) and prevent AR from binding to promoter regions. ARN-509 inhibits R1881-induced VP16-AR–mediated transcription with IC50 of 0.2 μM in Hep-G2 cells expressing a VP16-AR fusion protein and an ARE-driven luciferase reporter. 
|In vivo||ARN-509 (10 mg/kg/d, oral) inhibits tumor growth with decreased proliferative index and increased apoptotic rate in castrate male immunodeficient mice harboring LNCaP/AR-luc xenograft tumors. ARN-509 dose dependently inhibits tumor growth with highest efficacy at dose of 30 mg/kg/day in castrate male immunodeficient mice harboring LNCaP/AR-luc xenograft tumors. ARN-509 dosed at 10 mg/kg/d for 28 days results in a 3-fold reduction in prostates weight associated with lacking glandular secretory activity and 1.7-fold reduction in epididymis weight in adult male dogs. ARN-509 (10 mg/kg/d, oral) inhibits cell proliferation of prostate tissues in adult male dogs.  ARN-509 is safe and well tolerated in 24 patients with metastatic CRPC who has progressed on prior treatments and peak plasma concentrations occurred 2 to 3 hours after administration. ARN-509 results in durable PSA declines at doses ranging from 30 to 300 mg in patients with metastatic CRPC.  ARN-509 shows powerful anti-cancer activity and induces durable remissions long after therapy completion in castrate resistant prostate cancer mouse models. |
|In vitro||DMSO||18 mg/mL (37.7 mM)|
|Ethanol||5 mg/mL (10.47 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents individually and in order:
0.5% CMC, pH4.0
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02949284||Not yet recruiting||Stage II Prostate Adenocarcinoma|Stage III Prostate Adenocarcinoma||Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey|National Cancer Institute (NCI)||June 2017||Phase 2|
|NCT02721979||Not yet recruiting||Stage II Prostate Adenocarcinoma||University of Washington|National Cancer Institute (NCI)||December 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02770391||Recruiting||Prostate Cancer||Case Comprehensive Cancer Center||October 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02849990||Not yet recruiting||Stage III Prostate Adenocarcinoma|Stage III Prostate Cancer|Stage IV Prostate Adenocarcinoma|Stage IV Prostate Cancer||University of Washington|National Cancer Institute (NCI)|Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC||October 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02772588||Recruiting||Prostate Cancer||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Janssen Pharmaceuticals|Weill Medical College of Cornell University|University of Michigan||May 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02703623||Recruiting||Prostate Cancer||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|Bristol-Myers Squibb|Janssen, LP|Sanofi||May 2016||Phase 2|
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