AGI-5198

Catalog No.S7185 Synonyms: IDH-C35

AGI-5198 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 462.56

AGI-5198 is the first highly potent and selective inhibitor of IDH1 R132H/R132C mutants with IC50 of 0.07 μM/0.16 μM.

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USD 210 In stock
USD 670 In stock

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Notes:

2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.

Biological Activity

Description AGI-5198 is the first highly potent and selective inhibitor of IDH1 R132H/R132C mutants with IC50 of 0.07 μM/0.16 μM.
Targets
R132H-IDH1 [1] R132C-IDH1 [1]
70 nM 0.16 μM
In vitro

AGI-5198, potently inhibits mutant IDH1 (R132H-IDH1 and R132C-IDH1), but not wildtype IDH1 (IC50 > 100 μM) or any of IDH2 isoforms (R140Q, R172K, wildtype) (IC50 > 100 μM). AGI-5198, has been shown to have anti-tumor efficacy in the TS603 glioma cell line and to block R-2HG production in a dose-dependent manner. Under conditions of near-complete R-2HG inhibition, AGI-5198 induced demethylation of histone H3K9me3 and expression of genes associated with gliogenic differentiation. Blockade of mIDH1 impaired the growth of IDH1-mutant—but not IDH1–wild-type—glioma cells without appreciable changes in genome-wide DNA methylation. [1]

In vivo In R132H-IDH1 glioma xenografts, AGI-5198 (450 mg/kg/day) causes 50-60% growth inhibition over a treatment period of three weeks with no affect in the growth of IDH1 wild-type glioma xenografts. Tumors from AGI-5198-treated mice shows reduced staining with an antibody against the Ki-67 protein. But cleaved caspase-3 shows no differences between tumors from vehicle and AGI-5198–treated mice. [1]

Protocol

Kinase Assay
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IDH enzyme activity:

Compound is prepared as 10 mM stock in DMSO and diluted to 50X final concentration in DMSO, for a 50 μL reaction mixture. IDH enzyme activity converting alpha-ketogluta rate to 2-hydroxyglutarate is measured using a NADPH depletion assay. In the assay the remaining cofactor is measured at the end of the reaction with the addition of a catalytic excess of diaphorase and resazurin, to generate a fluorescent signal in proportion to the amount of NADPH remaining. IDH enzyme activity in the direction of isocitrate to alpha-ketoglutarate conversion is measured by direct coupling of the NADPH production to conversion of resazurin to resorufin by diaphorase. In both cases, resorufin is measured fluorometrically at Ex544 Em 590.
Animal Research
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  • Animal Models: IDH1 mutant glioma xenografts
  • Formulation: 0.5% MC and 0.2% Tween 80
  • Dosages: 150 mg/kg, 450 mg/kg per day
  • Administration: gavage
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 24 mg/mL (51.88 mM)
Ethanol 14 mg/mL (30.26 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL
In vivo 0.5% methylcellulose+0.2% Tween 80 30 mg/mL

* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 462.56
Formula

C27H31FN4O2

CAS No. 1355326-35-0
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms IDH-C35

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID