Molecular Weight(MW): 498.64
Masitinib is a novel inhibitor for Kit and PDGFRα/β with IC50 of 200 nM and 540 nM/800 nM, weak inhibition to ABL and c-Fms. Phase 3.
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H&E stained histology slides of A), C), and E) control implants and B), D), and F) drug-loaded implants for 14, 21 and 28 day time points respectively. Location of the implants is denoted by the asterisk ‘*’. Scale bar: 200 μm.
Biomaterials 2013 34, 9737-46. Masitinib (AB1010) purchased from Selleck.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||Masitinib is a novel inhibitor for Kit and PDGFRα/β with IC50 of 200 nM and 540 nM/800 nM, weak inhibition to ABL and c-Fms. Phase 3.|
|Features||Potential low side-effect profile.|
Masitinib is a competitive inhibitor against ATP at concentrations ≤500 nM. Masitinib also potently inhibits recombinant PDGFR and the intracellular kinase Lyn, and to a lesser extent, fibroblast growth factor receptor 3. In contrast, Masitinib demonstrates weak inhibition of Abl and c-Fms. Masitinib more strongly inhibits degranulation, cytokine production, and bone marrow mast cell migration than imatinib. In Ba/F3 cells expressing human wild-type Kit, Masitinib inhibits SCF (stem cell factor)-induced cell proliferation with an IC50 of 150 nM, while the IC50 for inhibition of IL-3-stimulated proliferation is at approximately >10 µM. In Ba/F3 cells expressing PDGFRα, Masitinib inhibits PDGF-BB-stimulated proliferation and PDGFRα tyrosine phosphorylation with IC50 of 300 nM. Masitinib also causes inhibition of SCF-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of human Kit in mastocytoma cell-lines and BMMC. Masitinib inhibits Kit gain-of-function mutants, including V559D mutant and Δ27 mouse mutant with IC50 of 3 and 5 nM in Ba/F3 cells. Masitinib inhibits the cell proliferation of mastocytoma cell lines including HMC-1α155 and FMA3 with IC50 of 10 and 30 nM, respectively.  Masitinib inhibits cell growth and PDGFR phosphorylation in two novel ISS cell lines, which suggest that Masitinib displays activity against both primary and metastatic ISS cell line and may aid in the clinical management of ISS. 
|In vivo||Masitinib inhibits tumour growth and increases the median survival time in Δ27-expressing Ba/F3 tumor models at 30 mg/kg, without cardiotoxicity or genotoxicity.  Masitinib (12.5 mg/kg/d PO) increases overall TTP (time-to-tumor progression) compared with placebo in dogs.  The combination of masitinib/gemcitabine shows synergy in vitro on proliferation of gemcitabine-refractory cell lines Mia Paca2 and Panc1, and to a lesser extent on Mia Paca-2 pancreatic tumours in Nog璖CID mice. |
In vitro enzyme-linked immunoassay with recombinant protein kinases:A 96-well microtitre plateis coated overnight with 0.25 mg/ml poly(Glu,Tyr 4:1), rinsed twice with 250 µL of washing buffer (10 mM phosphate-buffered saline [pH 7.4] and 0.05% Tween 20) and dried for 2 hours at room temperature. Assays are performed at room temperature with a final volume of 50 µL in kinase buffer (10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM MnCl2, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.8) containing ATP at a concentration of at least twice the Km for each enzyme and an appropriate amount of recombinant enzyme to ensure a linear reaction rate. Reactions are initiated upon introduction of the enzyme and terminated with the addition of one reaction volume (50 μL) of 100 mM EDTA per 5 M urea mix. Plates are washed three times and incubated with 1:30,000 horseradish peroxidase-conjugated anti-phosphotyrosine monoclonal antibody, then washed three times and incubated with tetramethylbenzidine. The final reaction product is quantified by spectrophotometry at 450 nm.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (200.54 mM)|
|Ethanol||4 mg/mL (8.02 mM)|
|In vivo||4% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O||30mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02490488||Active, not recruiting||Ovarian Cancer||AB Science||April 2014||Phase 2|
|NCT02605044||Recruiting||2nd Line Metastatic Colorectal Cancer||AB Science||January 2014||Phase 3|
|NCT02009423||Not yet recruiting||Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumour||AB Science||January 2014||Phase 3|
|NCT02588677||Active, not recruiting||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)||AB Science||April 2013||Phase 2|Phase 3|
|NCT01694277||Recruiting||Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors||AB Science||April 2012||Phase 3|
|NCT01433497||Recruiting||Multiple Sclerosis, Secondary Progressive|Multiple Sclerosis, Primary Progressive|Multiple Sclerosis, Relapse Free||AB Science||August 2011||Phase 2|Phase 3|
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