Catalog No.S1729 Synonyms: CI-719
Molecular Weight(MW): 250.33
Gemfibrozil is an activator of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARα), used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective PPAR Inhibitors
|Description||Gemfibrozil is an activator of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARα), used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia.|
Gemfibrozil exerts a minimal inhibitory effect on CYP3A-mediated simvastatin hydroxy acid (SVA) oxidation, but does inhibit SVA glucuronidation in dog and human liver microsomes.  Gemfibrozil markedly inhibits M-23 formation, with a K(i) (IC(50)) value of 69 (95) mM, whereas inhibition of M-1 formation is weaker with a K(i) (IC(50)) value of 273 mM in human liver microsomes.  Gemfibrozil strongly and competitively inhibits CYP2C9 activity, with a K(i) (IC(50)) value of 5.8 (9.6) mM. Gemfibrozil exhibits somewhat smaller inhibitory effects on CYP2C19 and CYP1A2 activities, with K(i) (IC(50)) values of 24 (47) mM and 82 (136) mM, respectively.  Gemfibrozil, a lipid-lowering drug, inhibits cytokine-induced production of NO and the expression of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) in human U373MG astroglial cells and primary astrocytes. Gemfibrozil induces peroxisome proliferator-responsive element (PPRE)-dependent luciferase activity, which is inhibited by the expression of DeltahPPAR-alpha, the dominant-negative mutant of human PPAR-alpha. Gemfibrozil strongly inhibits the activation of NF-kappaB, AP-1, and C/EBPbeta but not that of gamma-activation site (GAS) in cytokine-stimulated astroglial cells. 
|In vivo||Gemfibrozil treatment significantly reduces (2-3-fold) the plasma clearance of SVA and the biliary excretion of SVA glucuronide (together with its cyclization product SV), but not the excretion of a major oxidative metabolite of SVA in dogs. |
|In vitro||DMSO||50 mg/mL (199.73 mM)|
|Ethanol||50 mg/mL (199.73 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02770222||Completed||Healthy Subjects||Actelion||June 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02638597||Recruiting||Smoking Cessation||University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center||February 2015||Phase 2|
|NCT02230033||Completed||Healthy||Aragon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||September 2014||Phase 1|
|NCT02045056||Unknown status||Preclinical Alzheimers Disease||University of Kentucky||May 2014||Early Phase 1|
|NCT01876810||Completed||Nicotine Dependence||Centre for Addiction and Mental Health||February 2014||Phase 2|
|NCT01836198||Completed||Healthy Volunteers||Eli Lilly and Company||May 2013||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.