Catalog No.S1197 Synonyms: MK-906
Molecular Weight(MW): 372.54
Finasteride is a potent, reversible inhibitor of the rat type 1 5 alpha-reductase with Ki of 10.2 nM, used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and male pattern baldness (MPB).
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective 5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors
|Description||Finasteride is a potent, reversible inhibitor of the rat type 1 5 alpha-reductase with Ki of 10.2 nM, used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and male pattern baldness (MPB).|
Finasteride binds to the type 2 isozyme-NADPH complex to form a ternary complex with Ki of 1.19 nM, which then rearranges to a high affinity complex (E:I) with a pseudo first order rate constant of 1.62 ms.  Finasteride dose-dependently inhibits the growth rate of the LnCap cell line.  Finasteride markedly inhibits prostate-specific antigen (PSA) secretion and expression in LNCaP cells. 
|In vivo||Finasteride induces dosage-related incidences of hypospadias (penischisis) in male offspring with a threshold dosage level near 0.1 mg/kg/day and a 100% effect level of 100 mg/kg/day in male rats. Finasteride also causes decreased anogenital distance in male offspring in male rats.  Finasteride and castration decreases prostate weight at day 21 by 65% and 93%, respectively, in rats. Finasteride has no significant effect on DNA content after 4 days and decreases DNA content by a maximum of 52% at 14 days in rats. Finasteride causes a less intense increase in staining in which 16% of epithelial cells stained for tissue transglutaminase on day 9 with a return to baseline by day 14 in rats. Finasteride-induced staining is less intense with peak staining at day 4 (0.7% of epithelial cells) and a return to control values by day 9 in rats. |
-  Azzolina B, et al. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol, 1997, 61(1-2), 55-64.
-  Bologna M, et al. Urology, 1995, 45(2), 282-290.
-  Wang LG, et al. Cancer Res, 1997, 57(4), 714-719.
|In vitro||DMSO||75 mg/mL (201.32 mM)|
|Ethanol||75 mg/mL (201.32 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02483195||Withdrawn||Female Androgenetic Alopecia||University of Florida||August 2016||Phase 4|
|NCT03004469||Recruiting||Alopecia, Androgenetic||Polichem S.A.||July 2016||Phase 3|
|NCT02781311||Recruiting||Alopecia||Allergan||June 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02791243||Completed||Androgenetic Alopecia||Polichem S.A.||April 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02548117||Withdrawn||ERYTHROCYTOSIS||Baylor College of Medicine||February 2016||Phase 3|
|NCT02502669||Recruiting||NODULOCYSTIC ACNE||Elorac, Inc.||July 2015||Phase 2|
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