Catalog No.S2760 Synonyms: TA 7284, JNJ 28431754
Molecular Weight(MW): 444.52
Canagliflozin is a highly potent and selective SGLT2 inhibitor for hSGLT2 with IC50 of 2.2 nM in a cell-free assay, exhibits 413-fold selectivity over hSGLT1.
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Pretreatment of SGLT inhibitors significantly attenuates sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced vascular relaxation in pulmonary arteries. A: dose-response curves of SNP-induced relaxation in the presence or absence of phlorizin in pulmonary arteries (vehicle: 0.05% methanol, phlorizin: 100 µmol/l). Data are means ± SE; n = 4 mice/group. *P < 0.05 vs. vehicle. B: dose-response curves of SNP-induced relaxation in the presence or absence of canagliflozin in pulmonary arteries (vehicle: 0.1% DMSO, canagliflozin: 10 µmol/l). Data are means ± SE; n = 3 mice/group. *P < 0.05 vs. vehicle. C: dose-response curves of SNP-induced relaxation in the presence or absence of phlorizin in coronary arteries. Data are means ± SE; n = 5 mice/group. D: dose-response curves of SNP-induced relaxation in the presence or absence of canagliflozin in coronary arteries. Data are means ± SE; n = 3 mice/group.
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 2015, 309(9):L1027-36. . Canagliflozin purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective SGLT Inhibitors
|Description||Canagliflozin is a highly potent and selective SGLT2 inhibitor for hSGLT2 with IC50 of 2.2 nM in a cell-free assay, exhibits 413-fold selectivity over hSGLT1.|
Canagliflozin is a novel C-glucoside with thiophene ring. Canagliflozin inhibits Na+-dependent 14C-AMG uptake in a concentration-dependent fashion. Canagliflozin inhibits 14C-AMG uptake in CHO-hSGLT1 and mSGLT1 cells with IC50 of 0.7 μM and >1 μM, respectively. Canagliflozin inhibits the facilitative (non-Na+-linked) GLUT-mediated 2H-2-DG uptake in L6 myoblasts by less than 50%. In sham-injected oocytes, Canagliflozin (10 μM) or phlorizin (3 mM) alone in the presence of 50 μM DNJ does not affect currents. In SGLT3-injected oocytes, DMSO and Canagliflozin 10 μM inhibits DNJ-induced currents by 15.6% and 23.4%, respectively.
|In vivo||Canagliflozin shows pronounced anti-hyperglycemic effects in high-fat diet fed KK (HF-KK) mice. Oral administration at 30 mg/kg of Canagliflozin to male SD rats induces glucose excretion over 24 hours by 3,696 mg per 200 g body weight. Pharmacokinetic studies reveals a much higher exposure of Canagliflozin following oral administration. Following intravenous and oral doses of 3 and 10 mg/kg, respectively, to male SD rats, AUC0−inf, po, t1/2 and oral bioavailability are determined to be 35,980 ng·h/mL, 5.2 hours, and 85%, respectively. Thus, inhibition of SGLT2 in renal tubules after oral dosing of Canagliflozin is likely to continuously suppress reabsorption of glucose. The extensive UGE would reflect excellent pharmacokinetic properties of Canagliflozin in vivo as well as high potency of SGLT2 inhibition. Since most of the filtered glucose is reabsorbed by SGLT2 in the renal tubules, the novel compound would be useful for an anti-diabetic agent. Single oral administration of Canagliflozin at 3 mg/kg remarkably reduced blood glucose levels without influencing food intake in hyperglycemic high-fat diet fed KK (HF-KK) mice. There is a 48% reduction in blood glucose level versus vehicle at 6 hours. In contrast, Canagliflozin only slightly affects blood glucose levels in normoglycemic mice. Therefore, Canagliflozin would control hyperglycemia in the therapy of T2DM with low risk of hypoglycemia. |
|In vitro||DMSO||88 mg/mL (197.96 mM)|
|In vivo||0.5% CMC+0.25% Tween 80||18 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||TA 7284, JNJ 28431754|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02912455||Recruiting||Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2|Obesity||The Cleveland Clinic|Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC||January 5, 2017||Phase 4|
|NCT02964585||Recruiting||Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus|Chronic Kidney Disease||George Washington University|Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC||November 2016||Phase 4|
|NCT02920918||Recruiting||Heart Failure, Systolic|Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2||Virginia Commonwealth University|Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC||October 2016||Phase 4|
|NCT02891954||Not yet recruiting||Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2||University of Maryland|National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)||September 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02653209||Not yet recruiting||Type 2 Diabetes||NIHR Exeter Clinical Research Facility|University of Exeter|NHS Tayside|University of Dundee|Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust|University of Glasgow|Newcastle University|Kings College London||September 2016||Phase 4|
|NCT02865668||Completed||Healthy||Janssen Research & Development, LLC||August 2016||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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