Molecular Weight(MW): 332.43
Dehydroandrographolide, isolated from Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees (Chuan-xin-lian), is a novel TMEM16A inhibitor and possesses multiple pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-virus and anti-hepatitis activity.
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|Description||Dehydroandrographolide, isolated from Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees (Chuan-xin-lian), is a novel TMEM16A inhibitor and possesses multiple pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-virus and anti-hepatitis activity.|
Dehydroandrographolide inhibits TMEM16A chloride currents in Fisher rat thyroid (FRT) cells that are transfected stably with human TMEM16A and in TMEM16A-overexpressed SW620 cells but does not alter cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride currents. Further functional studies show that dehydroandrographolide suppresses the proliferation of SW620 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner using MTT assays. Dehydroandrographolide significantly inhibits migration and invasion of SW620 cells as detected by wound-healing and transwell assays. Moreover, treatment of SW620 cells with dehydroandrographolide leads to a decrease in TMEM16A protein levels but has no effect on TMEM16A mRNA levels. Dehydroandrographolide induces autophagy in human oral cancer cells by modulating p53 expression, activating JNK1/2, and inhibiting Akt and p38. Dehydroandrographolide is an iNOS inhibitor and an antiinflammatory and antiviral agent.
|In vivo||Administration of dehydroandrographolide effectively suppresses the tumor formation in the oral carcinoma xenograft model in vivo.|
|In vitro||DMSO||66 mg/mL (198.53 mM)|
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