For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 308.83
Azoramide is a small-molecule modulator of the unfolded protein response (UPR). It improves ER protein-folding ability and activates ER chaperone capacity to protect cells against ER stress.
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|Description||Azoramide is a small-molecule modulator of the unfolded protein response (UPR). It improves ER protein-folding ability and activates ER chaperone capacity to protect cells against ER stress.|
Azoramide may have the protective effects of enhancing chaperone expression and reducing protein synthesis without inducing cytotoxicity and apoptosis. Azoramide may require the presence of intact IRE1 and PERK branches of the UPR to fully increase chaperone capacity. Azoramide is found to be a kind of compound with the dual property of not only boosting ER folding acutely but also activating ER chaperone capacity chronically to promote ER homeostasis. Its treatment potently protects cells against chemically-induced ER stress conditions. Azoramide preserves beta cell function and survival during metabolic ER stress. Azoramide pretreatment does not impair ER function as part of its initial action. Azoramide treatment leads to increased SERCA expression, resulting in enhanced retention of Ca+2 within the ER. Azoramide interacts with UPR pathways to promote resolution of ER stress and improve ER function.
|In vivo||Azoramide improves glucose homeostasis in mice with genetic obesity and diet-induced obesity. Remarkably, azoramide treatment significantly improves insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance and beta cell function in obese mice in multiple preclinical models.|
|In vitro||DMSO||61 mg/mL (197.51 mM)|
|Ethanol||61 mg/mL (197.51 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
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Molecular Weight Calculator
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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