For research use only. Not for use in humans.
Molecular Weight(MW): 167.19
Thioguanine, a purine antimetabolite, inhibits DNMT1 activity through ubiquitin-targeted degradation, used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, autoimmune disorders (e.g., Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis) and organ transplant recipients.
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|Description||Thioguanine, a purine antimetabolite, inhibits DNMT1 activity through ubiquitin-targeted degradation, used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, autoimmune disorders (e.g., Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis) and organ transplant recipients.|
Thioguanine incorporation alters the DNA cleavage induced by topoisomerase II in the presence and absence of etoposide.  6-Thioguanine alters the structure and lowers the thermal stability of duplex DNA, but duplex DNA can be formed in the presence of 6SG.  6-Thioguanine induced apopotosis is similarly observed in both mismatch repair-proficient and -deficient HCT116 and HeLa cells.  Thioguanine integrates into DNA and unlike the canonical DNA bases, it is a strong UVA chromophore with an absorbance maximum at 342 nm. 6-Thioguanine is a photosensitizer and a source of reactive oxygen species.  In canine lymphoma cells, Thioguanine significantly decreases DNMT1 protein and global DNA methylation. 
|In vivo||Thioguanine is as efficient as a PARP inhibitor in selectively killing BRCA2-defective tumors in a xenograft model. 6-Thioguanine efficiently kills such BRCA1-defective PARP inhibitor-resistant tumors. 6-Thioguanine could kill cells and tumors that have gained resistance to PARP inhibitors or cisplatin through genetic reversion of the BRCA2 gene. |
-  Krynetskaia NF, et al. FASEB J,?000, 14(14), 2339-2344.
-  Marathias VM, et al. Nucleic Acids Res,?999, 27(14), 2860-2867.
-  Yamane K, et al. Clin Cancer Res,?005, 11(6), 2355-2363.
|In vitro||DMSO||9 mg/mL (53.83 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+40% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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