SUN11602

Catalog No.S8192

SUN11602 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 451.60

SUN11602 is a small synthetic compound that mimics the neuroprotective activities of bFGF and activates key molecules in the FGF receptor-1-mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 kinase (FGFR-1-MEK/ERK) signaling pathway.

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Biological Activity

Description SUN11602 is a small synthetic compound that mimics the neuroprotective activities of bFGF and activates key molecules in the FGF receptor-1-mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 kinase (FGFR-1-MEK/ERK) signaling pathway.
Targets
bFGF [1]
In vitro

Physiological actions of SUN11602 mimic several phenomena of the neuroprotection that is induced by bFGF. SUN11602 plays a pivotal role in allowing primary cultured neurons to survive in adverse environments of glutamate toxicity and activating intracellular key molecules that are involved in the neuroprotective mechanisms. These actions are quite similar to those of bFGF. Such neuroprotective mechanisms are specific and distinctive to SUN11602 and bFGF and differs clearly from those of the other growth factors that are investigated. But unlike bFGF, SUN11602 can either directly or indirectly trigger the phosphorylation of the cytosolic domain of the FGFR without binding to the extracellular domain of the FGFR-1[1]. SUN11602 demonstrates no cell proliferative activity of somatic cells, unlike bFGF. SUN11602 significantly affects neuronal survival in adverse conditions through a FGFR1-mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 kinase (FGFR-1–MEK/ERK) signaling pathway[2].

In vivo In WT mice, SUN11602 and bFGF increase the levels of newly synthesized Calb in cerebrocortical neurons and suppress the glutamate-induced rise in intracellular Ca2+. This Ca2+-capturing ability of Calb allows the neurons to survive severe toxic conditions of glutamate. In contrast, Calb levels remain unchanged in Calb-/- mice after exposure to SUN11602 or bFGF, and due to a loss of function of the gene, these neurons are no longer resistant to toxic conditions of glutamate[1]. Neuroprotective activities of SUN11602 and FGF-2 are due to exogenously induced hyperexpression of CalB in hippocampal neurons. The pharmacokinetic properties of SUN11602 appear to hold promise in terms of bioavailability (>65%) after oral administration in rodents (rats and mice) and dogs (beagles)[2].

Protocol

Cell Research:[1]
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  • Cell lines: Rat cerebrocortical neurons
  • Concentrations: 0.1, 0.3, 1 μM
  • Incubation Time: 24 h
  • Method: Actinomycin D or cycloheximide is first added to the cultures, and, 2 h later, SUN11602 or bFGF is added. After a 24 h incubation, neurons in the cultures are exposed to 150 μM glutamate for another 24 h, and cell viability is determined by a (3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[2]
- Collapse
  • Animal Models: A rat model of hippocampal tissue damage
  • Formulation: Saline
  • Dosages: 0.3, 1 and 3 mg/kg
  • Administration: oral administration
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 90 mg/mL warmed (199.29 mM)
Ethanol 31 mg/mL warmed (68.64 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 451.60
Formula

C26H37N5O2

CAS No. 704869-38-5
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID