For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 415.57
Bimatoprost is a prostaglandin analog used topically (as eye drops) to control the progression of glaucoma and in the management of ocular hypertension.
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|Description||Bimatoprost is a prostaglandin analog used topically (as eye drops) to control the progression of glaucoma and in the management of ocular hypertension.|
Bimatoprost mildly stimulates the rate of aqueous humor flow during the day (13%) and at night (14%), its ocular hypotensive action is due primarily to a 26% reduction in the tonographic resistance to outflow. Bimatoprost enhances the pressure-sensitive outflow pathway.  Bimatoprost displaces [3H]prostaglandin F(2alpha) from FP receptors with K(i) of 6.31 μM. Bimatoprost rapidly mobilizes intracellular Ca(2+) via cloned human FP receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells and via native FP receptors in 3T3 mouse fibroblasts with EC(50) of 2.94 μM and 2.2 μM.  Bimatoprost up-regulates Cyr61 mRNA expression in the cat iris. Bimatoprost-induced up-regulation of Cyr61 mRNA expression is not because of the activation of the prostaglandin FP receptor but a different receptor.  Bimatoprost consistently evokes responses in different cells within the same tissue preparation, whereas prostaglandin F(2 alpha) and 17-phenyl prostaglandin F(2 alpha) elicites signaling responses in the same cells. Bimatoprost selectively stimulates intracellular calcium signaling in different cat iris sphincter cells. 
|In vivo||Bimatoprost is the ethyl amide derivative of 17-phenyl trinor PGF2α, a potent prostaglandin FP receptor agonist. Bimatoprost elicits an immediate, robust spike in [Ca2+] that rapidly decayes back to baseline levels. Bimatoprost possess direct agonist activities at the rat, mouse, and human FP prostanoid receptor. |
-  Brubaker RF, et al. Surv Ophthalmol, 2001, 45 Suppl 4, S347-351.
-  Sharif NA, et al. Eur J Pharmacol, 2001, 432(2-3), 211-213.
-  Liang Y, et al. J Biol Chem, 2003, 278(29), 27267-27277.
|In vitro||Ethanol||83 mg/mL (199.72 mM)|
|DMSO||36 mg/mL (86.62 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
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Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04285580||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Bimatoprost SR|Drug: LUMIGAN||Open-Angle Glaucoma|Ocular Hypertension||Allergan||March 31 2020||Phase 3|
|NCT03891446||Recruiting||Drug: Bimatoprost SR||Open-Angle Glaucoma|Ocular Hypertension||Allergan||March 27 2019||Phase 3|
|NCT02676310||Terminated||Drug: Bimatoprost||Alopecia|Alopecia Androgenetic|Baldness||Allergan||March 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT00999557||Withdrawn||Drug: bimatoprost ophthalmic solution|Drug: placebo||Alopecia|Breast Cancer||Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center|National Cancer Institute (NCI)||January 2016||Not Applicable|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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