Alogliptin

For research use only.

Catalog No.S5365 Synonyms: SYR 322

Alogliptin Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 339.39

Alogliptin is a potent, selective inhibitor of the serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) with IC50 values of 2.63 nM and exhibits greater than 10,000 fold selectivity over the closely related serine proteases DPP-8 and DPP-9.

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Biological Activity

Description Alogliptin is a potent, selective inhibitor of the serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) with IC50 values of 2.63 nM and exhibits greater than 10,000 fold selectivity over the closely related serine proteases DPP-8 and DPP-9.
Targets
DPP-4 [1]
(293E cells lysates)
2.93 nM
In vitro

Alogliptin is a potent (IC50 < 10 nM) inhibitor of DPP-4 and exhibits greater than 10,000 fold selectivity over the closely related serine proteases DPP-8 and DPP-9[1].Compound 10 is not an inhibitor of CYP-450 enzymes and does not block the hERG channel at concentrations up to 30μM[2].

In vivo Absolute oral bioavailability of alogliptin in rats, dogs, and monkeys is 45%, 86%, and 72% to 88%, respectively. After a single oral dose of alogliptin, plasma DPP-4 inhibition is observed within 15 min and maximum inhibition is > 90% in rats, dogs, and monkeys; inhibition is sustained for 12 h in rats (43%) and dogs (65%) and 24 h in monkeys (> 80%). From Emax modeling, 50% inhibition of DPP-4 activity is observed at a mean alogliptin plasma concentration (EC50) of 3.4 to 5.6 ng/ml (10.0 to 16.5 nM) in rats, dogs, and monkeys. In Zucker fa/fa rats, a single dose of alogliptin (0.3, 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg) inhibites plasma DPP-4 (91% to 100% at 2 h and 20% to 66% at 24 h), increases plasma GLP-1 (2- to 3-fold increase in AUC0–20 min) and increases early-phase insulin secretion (1.5- to 2.6-fold increase in AUC0-20 min) and reduces blood glucose excursion (31%–67% decrease in AUC0–90 min) after oral glucose challenge. Alogliptin (30 and 100 mg/kg) has no effect on fasting plasma glucose in normoglycemic rats.[3].

Protocol

Animal Research:

[4]

- Collapse
  • Animal Models: db/db mice
  • Dosages: 76.4 mg/kg/day
  • Administration: oral
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 67 mg/mL (197.41 mM)
Ethanol 67 mg/mL (197.41 mM)
Water 18 mg/mL (53.03 mM)

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 339.39
Formula

C18H21N5O2

CAS No. 850649-61-5
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms SYR 322
Smiles CN1C(=O)C=C(N2CCCC(N)C2)N(CC3=CC=CC=C3C#N)C1=O

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Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

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Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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DPP-4 Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID