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CAS No. 1194044-20-6
LY2811376 is the first orally available non-peptidic β-secretase(BACE1) inhibitor with IC50 of 239 nM-249 nM, that act to decrease Aβ secretion with EC50 of 300 nM, demonstrated to have 10-fold selectivity towards BACE1 over BACE2, and more than 50-fold inhibition over other aspartic proteases including cathepsin D, pepsin, or renin. Phase 1.
Selleck's LY2811376 has been cited by 15 publications
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Representative immunofluorescence images of WT MEF cells (A and B) with a vector encoding APP. Cells were untreated or treated with 1 mm ascorbate for 1 h and stained with DAPI and mAb AM. Bar, 20 um. Exposure times were the same in all cases. Tg2576, MEFs from AD mouse model; DAPI, nuclear stain; A8717, antibody to C terminus of APP; Asc, ascorbate.
J Biol Chem 2014 289(30), 20871-8. LY2811376 purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||LY2811376 is the first orally available non-peptidic β-secretase(BACE1) inhibitor with IC50 of 239 nM-249 nM, that act to decrease Aβ secretion with EC50 of 300 nM, demonstrated to have 10-fold selectivity towards BACE1 over BACE2, and more than 50-fold inhibition over other aspartic proteases including cathepsin D, pepsin, or renin. Phase 1.|
|Features||Approximately 10-fold selectivity toward BACE1 over BACE2.|
LY2811376 demonstrates concentration-dependent inhibition of hBACE1 with an IC50 of 239 and 249 nM against a small synthetic peptide or a larger chimeric protein substrate, respectively. LY2811376 treatment yields a concentration-dependent decrease in Aβ secretion in APP-overexpressing HEK293 cells. LY2811376 inhibits Aβ secretion with EC50 of ~100 nM in primary neuronal cultures of PDAPP transgenic mouse. 
|In vivo||Administration of LY2811376 (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg doses) results in dose-dependent, significant reductions in Aβ, as well as sAPPβ and C99, the proximal cleavage products of APP proteolysis by BACE1 in APPV717F mouse model of Aβ pathology. After treatment with LY2811376 (5 mg/kg), reductions in Aβ1-x are observed in plasma, with a maximal 85% reduction observed from 4 to 12 h after dosing in beagle dogs. |
Determination of enzymatic efﬁciency:The stock solution for each FRET peptide substrate is prepared at 30 mM in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). The huBACE1:Fc muBACE1:Fc preparation is concentrated through YM10 Centricon. to a ﬁnal concentration of at least 7 mg/mL. The optimal enzyme concentration for each FRET peptide substrate is determined individually at 30μM FRET peptide substrate in 50 mM ammonium acetate, pH 4.6, 1 mg/mL BSA and 1 mM Triton X-100. The enzymatic efﬁciency (kcat /Km) of either of the BACE1 orthologs toward individual FRET peptide substrates at 15, 30 and 100μM is determined under the optimal conditions for each substrate. The progress of the reaction is monitored by measuring an increase of the emission signal at 420 nm with excitation wavelength set at 320 nm, using a GEMINI ﬂuorescence plate reader. Amino acid conjugated aminobenzoate is used to convert the emission signal in the relative ﬂuorescence units into the molar concentration of product generated in the reaction mixture. The initial phase of the timedependence curve is ﬁtted with a linear function whose slope is used to calculate the initial rate for huBACE1:Fc toward each peptide substrate. The kcat /Km values are calculated from the linear dependence of the initial rate on the concentration of each peptide.
|In vitro||Ethanol||64 mg/mL (199.77 mM)|
|DMSO||16 mg/mL (49.94 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and SDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT00838084||Completed||Drug: LY2811376|Drug: Placebo||Alzheimer''s Disease||Eli Lilly and Company||December 2008||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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