Heparin sodium

For research use only.

Catalog No.S1346

2 publications

Heparin sodium Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW):

Heparin sodium, a sulfated polysaccharide belonging to the family of glycosaminoglycans, has numerous important biological activities associated with its interaction with diverse proteins, used as an anticoagulant.

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Biological Activity

Description Heparin sodium, a sulfated polysaccharide belonging to the family of glycosaminoglycans, has numerous important biological activities associated with its interaction with diverse proteins, used as an anticoagulant.
Targets
Antithrombin III [1]
In vitro

Heparin is widely used as an anticoagulant drug based on its ability to accelerate the rate at which antithrombin inhibits serine proteases in the blood coagulation cascade. Heparin and the structurally related heparan sulfate are complex linear polymers comprised of a mixture of chains of different length, having variable sequences. Heparin interactes most tightly with peptides containing a complementary binding site of high positive charge density. Heparin and heparan sulfate predominantly exhibit linear helical secondary structures with sulfo and carboxyl groups displayed at defined intervals and in defined orientations along the polysaccharide backbone. Heparin resembles DNA as both are highly charged linear polymers that behave as polyelectrolytes. Heparin is believed to function as an anticoagulant primarily through its interaction with AT III by enhancing AT-III-mediated inhibition of blood coagulation factors, including thrombin and factor Xa. Heparin binds to AT III and thrombin in a ternary complex, increasing the bimolecular rate constant for the inhibition of thrombin by a factor of 2000. Heparin is principally located in the granules of tissue mast cells that are closely associated with the immune response. Heparin makes numerous contacts with both FGF-2 and FGFR-1 stabilizing FGF–FGFR binding. Heparin also makes contacts with the FGFR-1 of the adjacent FGF–FGFR complex, thus seeming to promote FGFR dimerization. [1]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro Water 100 mg/mL
DMSO Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight
Formula

(C12H16NS2Na3)20

CAS No. 9041-08-1
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Smiles CCC1CC(N[R])C(OC1CO[S]([O-])(=O)=O)OC2C(O)C(O)C(OC3C(CO[R])OC(OC4C(O)C(O[S]([O-])(=O)=O)C(OC5C(O)C(N[S]([O-])(=O)=O)C(C)OC5CO[S]([O-])(=O)=O)OC4C([O-])=O)C(N[S]([O-])(=O)=O)C3[S]([O-])(=O)=O)OC2C([O-]

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID