Catalog No.S8501 Synonyms: D-Ala-peptide T-amide, peptide T
Molecular Weight(MW): 856.88
DAPTA is a water soluble potent, selective CCR5 antagonist which potently inhibits specific CD4-dependent binding of gp120 Bal (IC50 = 0.06 nM) and CM235 (IC50 = 0.32 nM) to CCR5.
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|Description||DAPTA is a water soluble potent, selective CCR5 antagonist which potently inhibits specific CD4-dependent binding of gp120 Bal (IC50 = 0.06 nM) and CM235 (IC50 = 0.32 nM) to CCR5.|
DAPTA is a non-toxic experimental antiviral entry inhibitor. DAPTA potently inhibits specific CD4-dependent binding of gp120 Bal (IC50 = 0.06 nM) and CM235 (IC50 = 0.32 nM) to CCR5. In co-immunoprecipitation studies, DAPTA (1 nM) blocks formation of the gp120/sCD4 complex with CCR5. Confocal microscopic studies of direct FITC-DAPTA binding to CCR5+, but not CCR5−, cells show that CCR5 is a DAPTA receptor. DAPTA is an antagonist of CCR5-mediated chemotaxis and is most effective as an antiviral agent primarily against R5-tropic HIV-1 isolates, with reduced or absent effect for X4-tropic laboratory isolates. DAPTA does not inhibit fusion in typical assays, which use high local concentrations of virus and cells. The Th2 cytokines IL-4, IL-10,and IL-13, are increased by DAPTA and induce a potent virostatic state in infected macrophages in vitro, as well as inhibit production of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNFα, which upregulate virus expression. Thus the elevation of Th2 cytokines by DAPTA treatment would favor less macrophage viral replication.
|In vivo||The levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-1, IL-6, and TNFα decrease in plasma following DAPTA treatment. Peptide T(DAPTA) treatment prevents the neuronal cell death associated with gpl20. DAPTA prevents gpl20-associated neural deficits in vivo.|
|In vitro||Water||100 mg/mL (116.7 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||D-Ala-peptide T-amide, peptide T|
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