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circBTBD7 Promotes Immature Porcine Sertoli Cell Growth through Modulating miR-24-3p/ MAPK7 Axis to Inactivate p38 MAPK Signaling Pathway

Sertoli cells are the crucial coordinators to guarantee normal spermatogenesis and male fertility. Although circular RNAs (circRNAs) exhibit developmental-stage-specific expression in porcine testicular tissues and have been thought of as potential regulatory molecules in spermatogenesis, their functions and mechanisms of action remain largely unknown, especially in domestic animals. A novel circBTBD7 was identified from immature porcine Sertoli cells using reverse transcription PCR, Sanger sequencing, and fluorescence in situ hybridization assays. Functional assays illustrated that circBTBD7 overexpression promoted cell cycle progression and cell proliferation, as well as inhibited cell apoptosis in immature porcine Sertoli cells. Mechanistically, circBTBD7 acted as a sponge for the miR-24-3p and further facilitated its target mitogen-activated protein kinase 7 (MAPK7) gene. Overexpression of miR-24-3p impeded cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, which further attenuated the effects of circBTBD7 overexpression. siRNA-induced MAPK7 deficiency resulted in a similar effect to miR-24-3p overexpression, and further offset the effects of miR-24-3p inhibition. Both miR-24-3p overexpression and MAPK7 knockdown upregulated the p38 phosphorylation activity. The SB202190 induced the inhibition of p38 MAPK pathway and caused an opposite effect to that of miR-24-3p overexpression and MAPK7 knockdown. Collectively, circBTBD7 promotes immature porcine Sertoli cell growth through modulating the miR-24-3p/MAPK7 axis to inactivate the p38 MAPK signaling pathway. This study expanded our knowledge of noncoding RNAs in porcine normal spermatogenesis through deciding the fate of Sertoli cells.

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S1077 SB202190 (FHPI) SB202190 (FHPI) is a potent p38 MAPK inhibitor targeting p38α/β with IC50 of 50 nM/100 nM in cell-free assays, sometimes used instead of SB 203580 to investigate potential roles for SAPK2a/p38 in vivo. SB202190 inhibits endothelial cell apoptosis via induction of autophagy and heme oxygenase-1. SB202190 significantly suppresses Erastin‐dependent ferroptosis. (125) (3)

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