What's new in myeloproliferative neoplasia

Treatment of myeloproliferative neoplasia (MPN) is based on patients' individual risk-stratification and includes cytoreductive agents for high-risk essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV) and Myelofibrosis (MF). Classical cytoreductive drugs largely fail to modify the basic clonal composition of the disease. In contrast, in PV for example treatment with Ropeg-Interferon not only results in higher hematological response rates compared to hydroxyurea but in addition significantly reduces JAK2 allele-burden in high-risk PV patients as well as it depletes concurrent cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities. Treatment with Ropeg-Interferon so far is only approved for high-risk PV. A very recent trial however also demonstrated this disease-modifying effect also in low-risk PV patients in addition to an increased rate of transfusion independence. Thus, Ropeg-Interferon is the current standard for first line treatment of high-risk PV and we assume that the data in low-risk PV will lead also to a broader clinical use of Ropeg-Interferon this particular patient group, as it may decrease transformation to MF or even MPN-blast crisis.Myelofibrosis management has been extended by novel JAKi. Fedratinib is the first second generation JAK-inhibitor approved for Ruxolitinib-intolerant or refractory patients. Fedratinib reduces both spleen volume as well as symptom burden. Two other second generation JAK-inhibitors are in clinical development for MPN treatment. Pacritinib has demonstrated efficacy in reducing both spleen volume and symptom score in MF including a cohort of Ruxolitinib-pretreated patients and Momelotinib is the only JAK-inhibitor which has been shown to alleviate anemia in addition to its effect on improving spleen volume and symptom. So far, neither Pacritinib nor Momelotinib are currently EMA-approved for MPN treatment.Finally, it has recently been acknowledged that inflammation is a key driver of MPN pathogenesis. Both, mutated as well as non-clonal inflammatory and other stromal cells produce significant amounts of local cytokines. Also the initiation of the neoplastic process itself seems to depend on inflammatory cytokines. Recent scRNASeq data revealed components of the alarmin complex (S100A8 und S100A9) drive this local sterile inflammation process, which also represents a potential therapeutic target, as the S100A8 and A9 inhibitor Tasquinimod reduced fibrosis in a pre-clinical animal model.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S2736 Fedratinib (TG101348) Fedratinib (SAR302503, TG101348) is a selective inhibitor of JAK2 with IC50 of 3 nM in cell-free assays, 35- and 334-fold more selective for JAK2 versus JAK1 and JAK3. Fedratinib also inhibits FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) and RET (c-RET) with IC50 of 15 nM and 48 nM, respectively. Fedratinib has potential antineoplastic activity. Fedratinib inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

Related Targets

FLT3 JAK Apoptosis related c-RET