The expression of Annexin A1 and A5 mRNA by gonadotropin-releasing hormone in LβT2 gonadotrope cells

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation of annexin A1 (ANXA1) and A5 (ANXA5) mRNA expression was analyzed in LβT2 gonadotrope cells. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction results showed that a GnRH analog (GnRHa) stimulated the expression of both ANXA1 and A5 mRNA with a peak at 12 h of incubation; however, ANXA1 mRNA was extremely stimulated (60 folds). Immunocytochemical analysis confirmed these findings. A GnRH antagonist inhibited the effect of GnRHa. ANXA1 and A5 mRNA levels were significantly increased by protein kinase C (PKC) activator (12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate; TPA), but not by dibutyryl cAMP. GnRHa-stimulated induction of ANXA1 and A5 mRNA was inhibited by PKC (GF109203) and MEK inhibitors (PD98059). TPA increased ANXA1 and A5 mRNA expression in a dose-dependent manner (1 nM to 10 μM), while the extent of the increase was much greater in ANXA1. After stimulation with 10 nM or 1 μM TPA, ANXA1 and A5 mRNA levels were increased at 6 h. ANXA1 mRNA levels were higher in the 1 μM TPA than in the 10 nM TPA treatment, whereas 1 μM TPA did not show further stimulation of ANXA5 mRNA compared to 10 nM TPA. These results clearly show that ANXA1 mRNA expression is stimulated by GnRH through PKC like ANXA5, and the response of ANXA1 is much larger than that of ANXA5. A close relationship between these annexins and a significant role for ANXA1 in GnRH action at gonadotropes is suggested.

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