Synthetic Lethality Exploitation by an Anti-Trop-2-SN-38 Antibody-Drug Conjugate, IMMU-132, Plus PARP Inhibitors in BRCA1/2-wild-type Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Purpose: Both PARP inhibitors (PARPi) and sacituzumab govitecan (IMMU-132) are currently under clinical evaluation in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We sought to investigate the combined DNA-damaging effects of the topoisomerase I (Topo I)-inhibitory activity of IMMU-132 with PARPi disruption of DNA repair in TNBC.Experimental Design:In vitro, human TNBC cell lines were incubated with IMMU-132 and various PARPi (olaparib, rucaparib, or talazoparib) to determine the effect on growth, double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) breaks, and cell-cycle arrest. Mice bearing BRCA1/2-mutated or -wild-type human TNBC tumor xenografts were treated with the combination of IMMU-132 and PARPi (olaparib or talazoparib). Study survival endpoint was tumor progression to >1.0 cm3 and tolerability assessed by hematologic changes.Results: Combining IMMU-132 in TNBC with all three different PARPi results in synergistic growth inhibition, increased dsDNA breaks, and accumulation of cells in the S-phase of the cell cycle, regardless of BRCA1/2 status. A combination of IMMU-132 plus olaparib or talazoparib produces significantly improved antitumor effects and delay in time-to-tumor progression compared with monotherapy in mice bearing BRCA1/2-mutated HCC1806 TNBC tumors. Furthermore, in mice bearing BRCA1/2-wild-type tumors (MDA-MB-468 or MDA-MB-231), the combination of IMMU-132 plus olaparib imparts a significant antitumor effect and survival benefit above that achieved with monotherapy. Most importantly, this combination was well tolerated, with no substantial changes in hematologic parameters.Conclusions:These data demonstrate the added benefit of combining Topo I inhibition mediated by IMMU-132 with synthetic lethality provided by PARPi in TNBC, regardless of BRCA1/2 status, thus supporting the rationale for such a combination clinically. 

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