Category

Archives

Overexpression of Fibroblast Growth factor-21 (FGF-21) Protects Mesenchymal Stem Cells Against Caspase-Dependent Apoptosis Induced by Oxidative Stress and Inflammation

The clinical application of stem cells offers great promise as a potential avenue for therapeutic use in neurodegenerative diseases. However, cell loss after transplantation remains a major challenge which currently plagues the field. Based on our previous findings that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF-21) protected neurons from glutamate excitotoxicity and that upregulation of FGF-21 in a rat model of ischemic stroke was associated with neuroprotection, we proposed that overexpression of FGF-21 protects bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from apoptosis. To test this hypothesis, we examined whether the detrimental effects of apoptosis can be mitigated by the transgenic overexpression of FGF-21 in MSCs. FGF-21 was transduced into MSCs by lentivirus and its overexpression was confirmed by quantitative PCR. Moreover, FGF-21 overexpression did not stimulate the expression of other FGF family members, suggesting it does not activate a positive feedback system. The effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and staurosporine, known inducers of apoptosis, were evaluated in FGF-21 overexpressing MSCs and mCherry control MSCs. Caspase 3 and 7 activity was markedly and dose-dependently increased by all three stimuli in mCherry MSCs. FGF-21 overexpression robustly suppressed caspase activation induced by H2 O2 and TNF-α, but not staurosporine. Moreover, the assessment of apoptotic morphological changes confirmed the protective effects of FGF-21 overexpression. Taken together, these results provide compelling evidence that FGF-21 plays a crucial role in protecting MSCs from apoptosis induced by oxidative stress and inflammation, and merits further investigation as a strategy for enhancing the therapeutic efficacy of stem cell-based therapies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S1421 Staurosporine Staurosporine (CGP 41251) is a potent PKC inhibitor for PKCα, PKCγ and PKCη with IC50 of 2 nM, 5 nM and 4 nM, less potent to PKCδ (20 nM), PKCε (73 nM) and little active to PKCζ (1086 nM) in cell-free assays. Also shows inhibitory activities on other kinases, such as PKA, PKG, S6K, CaMKII, etc. Phase 3. (82) (4)

Related Targets