Investigational spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) inhibitors for the treatment of autoimmune diseases

Introduction: Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are disorders induced by multiple inflammatory mediators, in which immune system attacks healthy tissues and triggers tissue injury. Targeted regulation of the activity of kinases that influence inflammation is one of the major therapies for ADs. Recently, investigational spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) inhibitors have shown encouraging results in the AD therapy.

Areas covered: This article provides a background on autoimmune diseases and provides an update on investigational SYK inhibitors. This literature review was conducted by searching publications about investigational SYK inhibitors in the treatment of ADs from experimental to clinical studies. The search terms used were SYK inhibitors, R406, fostamatinib (R788), P505-15 (PRT062607), entospletinib (GS-9973), R112, lanraplenib (GS-9876), cerdulatinib, R343, BAY-61-3606, GSK compound 143 (GSK143), R211, SKI-G-618, SKI-O-85, ER-27319, YM193306, RO9021 in conjunction with autoimmune disease using electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Google Scholar.

Expert opinion: SYK inhibitors are promising drugs with unique advantages and acceptable tolerability and safety for the treatment of ADs. However, the difficulties in developing highly selective SYK inhibitors and the unknown effects are challenges. Long-term and real-world data are essential to determine the risk-benefit ratio and true role of SYK inhibitors in the therapy of ADs.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S7523 Entospletinib (GS-9973) Entospletinib (GS-9973) is an orally bioavailable, selective Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 7.7 nM in a cell-free assay and showed 13- to >1000-fold cellular selectivity for Syk over other kinases(including Jak2, ckit, Flt3, Ret, KDR) as assessed by target protein phosphorylation or functional response.

Related Targets