In Vitro Evaluation of Rigosertib Antitumoral and Radiosensitizing Effects against Human Cholangiocarcinoma Cells

Cholangiocarcinoma is the first most common cancer of the biliary tract. To date, surgical resection is the only potentially curative option, but it is possible only for a limited percentage of patients, and in any case survival rate is quite low. Moreover, cholangiocarcinoma is often chemotherapy-resistant, and the only drug with a significant benefit for patient's survival is Gemcitabine. It is necessary to find new drugs or combination therapies to treat nonresectable cholangiocarcinoma and improve the overall survival rate of patients. In this work, we evaluate in vitro the antitumoral effects of Rigosertib, a multi-kinase inhibitor in clinical development, against cholangiocarcinoma EGI-1 cell lines. Rigosertib impairs EGI-1 cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner, reversibility is dose-dependent, and significant morphological and nuclear alterations occur. Moreover, Rigosertib induces the arrest of the cell cycle in the G2/M phase, increases autophagy, and inhibits proteasome, cell migration, and invasion. Lastly, Rigosertib shows to be a stronger radiosensitizer than Gemcitabine and 5-Fluorouracil. In conclusion, Rigosertib could be a potential therapeutic option, alone or in combination with radiations, for nonresectable patients with cholangiocarcinoma.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S1362 Rigosertib (ON-01910) Rigosertib (ON-01910) is a non-ATP-competitive inhibitor of PLK1 with IC50 of 9 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 30-fold greater selectivity against Plk2 and no activity to Plk3. Rigosertib inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway and activates oxidative stress signals. Rigosertib induces apoptosis in various cancer cells. Phase 3.

Related Targets

PLK Apoptosis related PI3K Akt