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Identification of TG100-115 as a new and potent TRPM7 kinase inhibitor, which suppresses breast cancer cell migration and invasion

BACKGROUND:

Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) regulates breast cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion and metastasis in its ion channel- and kinase domain-dependent manner. The pharmacological effects of TRPM7 ion channel inhibitors on breast cancer cells have been studied, but little is known about the effects of TRPM7 kinase domain inhibitors due to lack of potent TRPM7 kinase inhibitors.

METHODS:

Screening was performed by using TRPM7 kinase assay. Effects of TG100-115 on breast cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, myosin IIA phosphorylation, and TRPM7 ion channel activity were assessed by using MTT, wound healing, transwell assay, Western blotting, and patch clamping, respectively.

RESULTS:

We found that CREB peptide is a potent substrate for the TR-FRET based TRPM7 kinase assay. Using this method, we discovered a new and potent TRPM7 kinase inhibitor, TG100-115. TG100-115 inhibited TRPM7 kinase activity in an ATP competitive fashion with over 70-fold stronger activity than that of rottlerin, known as a TRPM7 kinase inhibitor. TG100-115 has little effect on proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells, but significantly decreases cell migration and invasion. Moreover, TG100-115 inhibits TRPM7 kinase regulated phosphorylation of the myosin IIA heavy chain and phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase. TG100-115 also suppressed TRPM7 ion channel activity.

CONCLUSIONS:

TG100-115 can be used as a potent TRPM7 kinase inhibitor and a potent inhibitor of breast cancer cell migration.

GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE:

TG100-115 could be a useful tool for studying the pharmacological effects of TRPM7 kinase activity aimed at providing insight into new therapeutic approaches to the treatment of breast cancer.

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S1352 TG100-115 TG100-115 is a PI3Kγ/δ inhibitor with IC50 of 83 nM/235 nM, with little effect on PI3Kα/β. Phase 1/2. (5) (2)

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