Effect of Lactate Export Inhibition on Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Growth and Metabolism

Background: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is an aggressive malignancy without effective treatments. ATC cells demonstrate upregulated glycolysis (Warburg effect), generating lactate that is subsequently exported by monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4). This study aims to determine whether MCT4 inhibition can suppress ATC growth.

Study design: ATC cell lines 8505C, JL30, and TCO1 were grown in low (3 mmol/L; LG) or high (25 mmol/L; HG) glucose medium containing the lactate shuttle inhibitors acriflavine (10-25 μmol/L; ACF), syrosingopine (100 µmol/L; SYR), or AZD3965 (20 µmol/L; AZD). Lactate level and cell proliferation were measured with standard assays. Seahorse analysis was performed to determine glycolytic response.

Results: Compared with HG, addition of ACF to LG decreased lactate secretion for both 8505C (p < 10-5) and JL30 (p < 10-4) cells, whereas proliferation was also reduced (p < 10-4 and 10-5, respectively). During Seahorse analysis, addition of oligomycin increased acidification by 84 mpH/min in HG vs 10 mpH/min in LG containing ACF (p < 10-5). Treatment with LG and SYR drastically diminished 8505C and TCO1 growth vs HG (p < 0.01 for both). LG and AZD treatment also led to reduced proliferation in tested cell lines (p ≤ 0.01 for all) that was further decreased by addition of ACF (p < 10-4 vs HG, p ≤ 0.01 vs LG and AZD).

Conclusion: Inhibition of lactate shuttles significantly reduced proliferation and glycolytic capacity of ATC cells in a low-glucose environment. Targeting suppression of glycolytic and lactate processing pathways may represent an effective treatment strategy for ATC.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S7339 AZD3965 AZD3965 is a potent, selective and orally available monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) inhibitor with a binding affinity of 1.6 nM, 6-fold selective over MCT2. Phase 1.

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