Discovery of Novel Dual c-Met/HDAC Inhibitors as a Promising Strategy for Cancer Therapy

Owing to the low efficacy and acquired resistance in clinical trials of c-Met inhibitors, based on the synergistic effects between c-Met and HDAC, novel c-Met and HDAC dual inhibitors were designed and synthesized. We introduced 2-pyrrolidinone to form the 5-atoms linker for c-Met inhibitor and hydroxamic acid as a zinc binding motif for HDAC inhibitor. The highly active dual inhibitor 15f showed excellent and balanced activity against both c-Met (IC50 = 12.50 nM) and HDAC1 (IC50 = 26.97 nM). In those tested tumor cell lines, 15f exhibits efficient antiproliferative activity with greater potency than Vorinostat (SAHA) and Cabozantinib (XL184). However, by comparing with an equimolar mixture of SAHA and Foretinib, we did not observe the compounds showed clearly synergistic antiproliferative effect. Nevertheless, compound 15f was found to induce apoptosis and cause cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase. This proof-of-concept study provides an efficient strategy for discovery of multitarget antitumor drugs.

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S1119 Cabozantinib (BMS-907351) Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) is a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Cabozantinib induces PUMA-dependent apoptosis in colon cancer cells via AKT/GSK-3β/NF-κB signaling pathway. (96) (8)

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