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Depletion of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor increases radiosensitivity in colorectal cancer

Background: Although radiation therapy for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) is very effective in some patients, treatment resistance limits its efficacy. Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) can affect tumor responsiveness and sensitivity to radiation in several cancer types. Herein, we studied the underlying function of IGF1R in the resistance of advanced CRC to radiation therapy and the possible use of drugs targeting IGF1R to overcome this resistance in patients with CRC.

Methods: Differences in the expression levels of the IGF1R were assessed in CRC samples from patients who were radiosensitive or radioresistant. Two radio-resistant colorectal cancer cell lines, SW480 and HT29, were selected for in vitro studies, and the involvement of the IGF1R in their radiation resistance was elucidated by suppressing its expression through a targeted siRNA and through the use of a specific IGF1R inhibitor, BMS-754807. We assessed radiosensitivity in these human CRC cells lines by examining their proliferation and colony formation, as well as cell cycle analysis. Activation of the Akt pathway was assessed using western blotting.

Results: Compared with tissues from radiosensitive patients, higher IGF1R expression levels were found in patients with radiation-resistant colorectal cancer, while BMS-754807 had improved radiosensitivity and reversed radiation tolerance in both colorectal cancer cell lines. Pre-treatment with BMS-754807 prior to irradiation inhibited Akt phosphorylation, induced cell cycle arrest, and increased DNA damage. Therefore, the IGF1R contributes to radiation resistance of CRC cells in vitro.

Conclusions: This study supports the notion that the radiosensitivity of radiation-resistant colorectal cancer cells can be enhanced by directly targeting IGF1R expression or activity. Ultimately, the combination of radiotherapy with IGF1R targeted inhibitors could potentially increase its effectiveness in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S1124 BMS-754807 BMS-754807 is a potent and reversible inhibitor of IGF-1R/InsR with IC50 of 1.8 nM/1.7 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to Met (c-Met), Aurora A/B, TrkA/B and Ron, and shows little activity to Flt3, Lck, MK2, PKA, PKC etc. Phase 2. (40) (1)

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