4SC-202 induces apoptosis in myelodysplastic syndromes and the underlying mechanism

Epigenetic modifications play crucial roles in regulating the self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoiesis. 4SC-202, a novel inhibitor of histone lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) and class I histone deacetylases (HDACs), is a potential therapeutic agent to treat myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). However, it remains unclarified of the mechanism of 4SC-202. In the study, we found that 4SC-202 treatment could inhibit cell viability, induce apoptosis and cause G2/M cell cycle arrest in MDS cell line SKM-1. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was correlated with disease progression and chemotherapy resistance. Here, we reported that 4SC-202 could down-regulate the expression of HO-1, and up-regulation of HO-1 could significantly attenuate the 4SC-202-induced apoptosis in SKM-1 cells. In addition, the activation of NF-κB pathway was suppressed by 4SC-202, while up-regulation of HO-1 significantly weakened the 4SC-202-induced suppression of the NF-κB pathway, thereby attenuating the efficacy of 4SC-202. However, down-regulation of HO-1 enhanced the sensitivity of 4SC-202 against SKM-1 cells. Moreover, SKM-1 cells were transfected with HO-1 overexpression lentivirus, subsequently injected into the tail vein of NOD/SCID mice, followed by administration of 4SC-202 in mice. As a result, up-regulation HO-1 could partially attenuate 4SC-202-suppressed MDS cells growth in NOD/SCID mice. In conclusion, 4SC-202 could induce apoptosis via the NF-κB pathway, and our present finding may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for MDS.

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S7555 Domatinostat (4SC-202) Domatinostat (4SC-202) is a selective class I HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 1.20 μM, 1.12 μM, and 0.57 μM for HDAC1, HDAC2, and HDAC3, respectively. Also displays inhibitory activity against Lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1). Phase 1.

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