Nepicastat (SYN-117) HCl
Molecular Weight(MW): 331.81
Nepicastat (SYN-117) HCl is a potent and selective inhibitor of both bovine and human dopamine-β-hydroxylase with IC50 of 8.5 nM and 9 nM, with negligible affinity for twelve other enzymes and thirteen neurotransmitter receptors. Phase 2.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||Nepicastat (SYN-117) HCl is a potent and selective inhibitor of both bovine and human dopamine-β-hydroxylase with IC50 of 8.5 nM and 9 nM, with negligible affinity for twelve other enzymes and thirteen neurotransmitter receptors. Phase 2.|
In vitro, Nepicastat hydrochloride shows the selective and concentration-dependent inhibition effects on bovine and human dopamine-beta-hydroxylase activity with IC50 of 8.5 nM and 9.0 nM, respectively. While Nepicastat hydrochloride has negligible affinity for twelve other enzymes and thirteen neurotransmitter receptors. 
|In vivo||In the artery, left ventricle and cerebral cortex of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), Nepicastat hydrochloride reduces noradrenaline content, and increases dopamine content and dopamine/noradrenaline ratio in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, Nepicastat hydrochloride also produces the similar effects on noradrenaline, dopamine and dopamine/noradrenaline ratio in tissues and plasma of beagle dogs.  In inactin-anesthetized SHRs, Nepicastat hydrochloride (3 mg/kg, i.v.) produces the antihypertensive effects and causes a significant decrease in renal vascular resistance (38%) and an increase in renal blood flow (22%).  In dogs with chronic heart failure, low-dose Nepicastat hydrochloride (0.5 mg/kg) prevents left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and remodeling, and combination therapy of Nepicastat hydrochloride and enalapril results in additional improvements in all morphological features.  In rat brain, Nepicastat hydrochloride at a dose of 50 mg/kg ( i.p.) leads to the reduction of norepinephrine (NE) and blocks cocaine-primed reinstatement of cocaine seeking. |
|In vitro||DMSO||66 mg/mL (198.9 mM)|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01704196||Completed||Cocaine Dependence||National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)||April 2013||Phase 2|
|NCT00659230||Completed||Posttraumatic Stress Disorder||Tuscaloosa Research & Education Advancement Corporation|Biotie Therapies Inc.|Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center|Baylor College of Medicine|VA Office of Research and Development|San Diego Veterans Healthcare System||April 2009||Phase 2|
|NCT00656357||Completed||Cocaine Dependence||Biotie Therapies Inc.|National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)||June 2008||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT00641511||Completed||Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)||Michael Debakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center|Lori Davis, MD Tuscaloosa VA Medical Center|Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center|Biotie Therapies Inc.||June 2008||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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