Mirin

Catalog No.S8096

Mirin Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 220.25

Mirin is a potent Mre11–Rad50–Nbs1 (MRN) complex inhibitor, and inhibits Mre11-associated exonuclease activity.

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Biological Activity

Description Mirin is a potent Mre11–Rad50–Nbs1 (MRN) complex inhibitor, and inhibits Mre11-associated exonuclease activity.
Targets
MRN [1]
In vitro

Mirin inhibits DSB-induced ATM activation, the ATM-dependent phosphorylation of the downstream targets Nbs1 and Chk2 and the MRN-dependent autophosphorylation of ATM at Ser1981 in response to DSBs. Mirin also inhibits the G2 checkpoint in TOSA4 cells, and homology-dependent DNA repair in HEK293 cells. [1] In cells with integrated HPV16 (SiHa), Mirin sensitizes HPV episomes to PA25 resulting in a ∼5-fold reduction of the PA25 IC50. [2] Pretreatment with mirin also decreases cell viability and inhibits proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression in cisplatin-treated human embryonic kidney 293 cells. [3]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:

[1]

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Nuclease assay:

Reactions with oligonucleotide nonhairpin substrates contains 25 mM MOPS (pH 7.0), 60 mM KCl, 0.2% Tween 20, 2 mM DTT, 1 mM or 5 MnCl2 (or 5 mM MgCl2, or 5 mM CaCl2), 0.1 pmol of DNA substrate, and 0.3 pmol of Mre11 (or an equivalent amount of Mre11 complexed with Rad50) in a volume of 10 μl, and are incubated at 37°C for 30 min. SDS, EDTA, and proteinase K are then added to final concentrations of 0.2%, 5 mM, and 0.1 mg/ml, respectively, and incubated for another 15 min. 4 μl of each reaction is mixed with 4 μl of formamide loading buffer, and then loaded onto a sequencing gel containing 10% acrylamide and 7 M urea. After the run, each gel is analyzed using a phosphorimaging system. Reactions containing hairpin substrates are identical to those with nonhairpin substrates except that 3 pmol of Mre11 is added to reactions as indicated, and the reactions are incubated at room temperature overnight. Nonhomologous end-joining reactions contains 25 mM MOPS (pH 7.0), 60 mM KCl, 0.2% Tween 20, 2 mM DTT, 4 mM MgCl2, 2 mM MnCl2, 0.5 mM ATP, 4 ng of plasmid DNA, 10% polyethylene glycol, 0.01 pmol of human DNA ligase I, and 0.06 pmol of Mre11 or 0.1 units of E. coli exonuclease III (GIBCO-BRL), in a volume of 10 μl. After incubation at 37°C for 25 min, Tween 20 is added to a final concentration of 0.5%, and a 2.5 μl aliquot is amplified by PCR using primers DAR5 and DAR147. PCR products are cloned using the TA cloning kit and sequenced using an automated ABI Capillary Genetic Analyzer.
Cell Research:

[3]

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  • Cell lines: HEK 293 cells
  • Concentrations: 100 μM
  • Incubation Time: 24 h
  • Method:

    Human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells are maintained in RPMI-1640 supplemented with 5% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum, penicillin (100 U/mL), and streptomycin (100 mg/mL) in humidified air with 5% CO2 at 37 °C. Cells are given fresh medium at 48 h intervals. The cells are seeded in 96-well plates in regular growth medium. Cells are pretreated with mirin (100 μM for 1 h before the cisplatin (20 μM) treatment followed by incubation for 8 and 24 h. The MTT assay is performed using the EZ-Cytox cell viability assay kit according to the manufacturer's protocol and MTT reduction is measured at a 450 nm wavelength using a micro-plate reader.


    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 44 mg/mL (199.77 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 220.25
Formula

C10H8N2O2S

CAS No. 1198097-97-0
Storage powder
Synonyms N/A

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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID