ETC-1002

Catalog No.S7953 Synonyms: Bempedoic acid, ESP-55016

ETC-1002 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 344.49

ETC-1002,also known as Bempedoic acid, is an orally available, once-daily LDL-C lowering small molecule designed to lower elevated levels of LDL-C and to avoid side effects associated with existing LDL-C lowering therapies.ETC-1002 is an activator of hepatic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). It has potent inhibitory activity against hepatic ATP-citrate lyase(IC50=29 uM).

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Biological Activity

Description ETC-1002,also known as Bempedoic acid, is an orally available, once-daily LDL-C lowering small molecule designed to lower elevated levels of LDL-C and to avoid side effects associated with existing LDL-C lowering therapies.ETC-1002 is an activator of hepatic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). It has potent inhibitory activity against hepatic ATP-citrate lyase(IC50=29 uM).
Targets
AMPK [1]
()
In vitro

ETC-1002 is a new investigational low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering agent which is a dicarboxylic acid derivative with a novel mechanism of action targeting two hepatic enzymes--adenosine triphosphate-citrate lyase (ACL) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), inhibiting sterol and fatty acid synthesis and promoting mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid oxidation[1]. It increases levels of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, reduces activity of MAP kinases and decreases production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. These effects on soluble mediators of inflammation can be significantly abrogated by LKB1 siRNAs, indicating that ETC-1002 activates AMPK and exerts its anti-inflammatory effects via an LKB1-dependent mechanism[2].

In vivo In vivo, ETC-1002 suppresses thioglycollate-induced homing of leukocytes into mouse peritoneal cavity. Similarly, in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity, ETC-1002 restores adipose AMPK activity, reduces JNK phosphorylation, and diminishes expression of macrophage-specific marker 4F/80[2]. ETC-1002 is an inactive prodrug and converted to an active ACL inhibitor(ECT-1002-CoA) by endogenous liver ACS activity in vivo[3].

Protocol

Cell Research:

[2]

+ Expand
  • Cell lines: Primary rat hepatocytes and differentiated human monocyte-derived macrophages
  • Concentrations: 30 μM or 100 μM
  • Incubation Time: 12 h
  • Method:

    Primary rat hepatocytes and differentiated human MDMs are treated with indicated concentrations of ETC-1002 for 12 h. Working solutions of ETC-1002 are prepared in serum-free RPMI 1640 containing 12 mM HEPES, 10,000 U/ml penicillin, and 100 μg/ml streptomycin.


    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:

[2]

+ Expand
  • Animal Models: C57BL/6 male mice
  • Formulation: A disodium salt aqueous solution using 2:1 molar ratio of NaOH to ETC-1002 in water containing 0.5% CMC and 0.025% Tween with a final pH 7–8.
  • Dosages: 10 ml/kg
  • Administration: i.p.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 68 mg/mL (197.39 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 344.49
Formula

C19H36O5

CAS No. 738606-46-7
Storage powder
Synonyms Bempedoic acid, ESP-55016

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID