Avapritinib (BLU-285)

Catalog No.S8553

Avapritinib (BLU-285) Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 498.56

Avapritinib (BLU-285) is a small molecule kinase inhibitor that potently inhibits PDGFRα D842V mutant activity in vitro (IC50 = 0.5 nM) and PDGFRα D842V autophosphorylation in the cellular setting (IC50 = 30 nM); also a potent inhibitor of the analogous KIT mutation, D816V in KIT Exon 17 (IC50 = 0.5 nM).

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Biological Activity

Description Avapritinib (BLU-285) is a small molecule kinase inhibitor that potently inhibits PDGFRα D842V mutant activity in vitro (IC50 = 0.5 nM) and PDGFRα D842V autophosphorylation in the cellular setting (IC50 = 30 nM); also a potent inhibitor of the analogous KIT mutation, D816V in KIT Exon 17 (IC50 = 0.5 nM).
Targets
PDGFRα (D842V) [1]
()
c-Kit (D816V) [1]
()
0.5 nM 0.5 nM
In vitro

BLU-285 is a selective oral inhibitor that targets KIT Exon 17 and PDGFRα D842 activation loop mutants. Cellular assays measuring inhibition of KIT mutant autophosphorylation confirm the activity of BLU-285 against the KIT D816 mutants D816V (HMC1.2 cells, IC50 = 3 nM) and D816Y (P815 cells, IC50 = 22 nM) as well as other KIT Exon 17 mutants such as N822K (Kasumi cells, IC50 = 40 nM) found in treatment-refractory GIST[1].

In vivo In vivo, BLU-285 is a well-tolerated, orally bioavailable agent that achieves dose dependent tumor growth inhibition in a D816Y-driven xenograft model. A PK-PD-efficacy relationship with BLU-285 has been established demonstrating that tumor regression results from >90% target suppression and is observed with 30 mg/kg once daily dosing. With potent activity against PDGFRα D842V and KIT Exon 17 mutants, BLU-285 targets previously unaddressed genomic drivers of disease and provides promise for the treatment of PDGFRα D842V-driven GIST(gastrointestinal stromal tumor) or SM(systemic mastocytosis), where more than 90% of patients carry the KIT D816V mutation. Besides single agent activity, the highly selective BLU-285 offers an opportunity for combination with other agents in GIST to cover the entirety of KIT primary and resistance mutants[1].

Protocol

Animal Research:

[1]

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  • Animal Models: mice
  • Formulation: --
  • Dosages: 10 or 30 mg/kg
  • Administration: oral
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 66 mg/mL (132.38 mM)
Ethanol 3 mg/mL (6.01 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 498.56
Formula

C26H27FN10

CAS No. 1703793-34-3
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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PDGFR Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID