Molecular Weight(MW): 490.62
Glimepiride is a potent Kir6.2/SUR inhibitor with IC50 of 3.0 nM, 5.4 nM, and 7.3 nM for SUR1, SUR2A and SUR2B, used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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(E) ELISA analysis for C-peptide levels in the presence of vehicle, diazoxide and glimepiride. (F) The fold change of C-peptide content after diazoxide and glimepiride stimulation. Diazoxide and glimepiride decreased and increased C-peptide secretion in wild-type and heterozygous mutated cells, respectively. Neither diazoxide nor glimepiride had an effect on homozygous mutated cells.
Sci Rep., 2017, 7: 3156. Glimepiride purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Potassium Channel Inhibitors
|Description||Glimepiride is a potent Kir6.2/SUR inhibitor with IC50 of 3.0 nM, 5.4 nM, and 7.3 nM for SUR1, SUR2A and SUR2B, used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.|
Glimepiride inhibits Kir6.2/SUR currents by interaction with two sites: a low-affinity site on Kir6.2 (IC(50)= approximately 400 mM) and a high-affinity site on SUR (IC(50)=3.0 nM for SUR1, 5.4 nM for SUR2A and 7.3 nM for SUR2B).  Glimepiride exhibits a higher potency compared to Glibenclamide with respect to stimulation of glucose transport, glucose transporter isoform 4 (GLUT4) translocation and lipid and glycogen synthesis in normal and insulin-resistant adipocytes and in muscle cells, as well as of the potential underlying signalling processes examined at the molecular level. Glimepiride associates in a time- and concentration dependent non-saturable manner with detergent-insoluble complexes of the plasma membrane which may correspond to caveolae.  Glimepiride blocks pinacidil-activated whole-cell K(ATP) currents of cardiac myocytes with an IC(50) of 6.8 nM, comparable to the potency of Glibenclamide in these cells. Glimepiride blocks K(ATP) channels formed by co-expression of Kir6.2/SUR2A subunits in HEK 293 cells in outside-out excised patches with a similar IC(50) of 6.2 nM. 
|In vivo||Glimepiride prevents the NA-STZ induced increased frequency of micronucleus (MN) in polychromatic and normochromatic erythrocytes. Glimepiride also decreases the sperm shape abnormality and enhances the sperm count besides improving the antioxidant status in the diabetic rats. Glimepiride inhibits the NA-STZ mediated changes in the MN frequency and sperm abnormality and enhanced the antioxidant defense. |
|In vitro||DMSO||11 mg/mL (22.42 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
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*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
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Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03009513||Not yet recruiting||Diabetes Mellitus||Handok Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd.||January 2017||Phase 1|
|NCT02985242||Recruiting||Diabetes Mellitus, Type II||Hannover Medical School||December 2016||Phase 4|
|NCT02954822||Not yet recruiting||Type2 Diabetes||Dong-A ST Co., Ltd.||November 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02956044||Recruiting||Type2 Diabetes Mellitus||Theracos||November 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02964572||Not yet recruiting||Type2 Diabetes Mellitus||Yonsei University||November 2016||--|
|NCT02919059||Not yet recruiting||Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2||IInstituto Gallego de Medicina Vascular||October 2016||Phase 4|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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