Technical Data

Molecular Weight 466.53 Storage powder


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CAS No. 62996-74-1 Synonyms N/A
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 4 mg/mL (8.57 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name 9,13-Epoxy-1H,9H-diindolo[1,2,3-gh:3',2',1'-lm]pyrrolo[3,4-j][1,7]benzodiazonin-1-one, 2,3,10,11,12,13-hexahydro-10-methoxy-9-methyl-11-(methylamino)-, [9S-(9α,10β,11β,13α)]-

Biological Activity

Description Staurosporine is a potent PKC inhibitor for PKCα, PKCγ and PKCη with IC50 of 2 nM, 5 nM and 4 nM, less potent to PKCδ (20 nM), PKCε (73 nM) and little active to PKCζ (1086 nM) in cell-free assays. Also shows inhibitory activities on other kinases, such as PKA, PKG, S6K, CaMKII, etc. Phase 3.
PKCα [1]
(Cell-free assay)
c-Fgr [2]
(Cell-free assay)
phosphorylase kinase [2]
(Cell-free assay)
PKCη [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PKCγ [1]
(Cell-free assay)
2 nM 2 nM 3 nM 4 nM 5 nM
In vitro Staurosporine, a microbial alkaloid, significantly inhibits protein kinase C from rat brain with IC50 of 2.7 nM. Staurosporine displays strong inhibitory effect against HeLa S3 cells with IC50 of 4 nM. [1] Staurosporine also inhibits a variety of other protein kinases, including PKA, PKG, phosphorylase kinase, S6 kinase, Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), CAM PKII, cdc2, v-Src, Lyn, c-Fgr, and Syk with IC50 of 15 nM, 18 nM, 3 nM, 5 nM, 21 nM, 20 nM, 9 nM, 6 nM, 20 nM, 2 nM, and 16 nM, respectively. [2] Staurosporine (1 μM) induces >90% apoptosis in PC12 cells. Consistently, Staurosporine treatment induces a rapid and prolonged elevation of intracellular free calcium levels [Ca2+]i, accumulation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS), and subsequent mitochondrial dysfunction. [3] The apoptosis of MCF7 cells induced by Staurosporine can be enhanced by the expression of functional caspase-3 via caspase-8 activation and Bid cleavage. [4] Staurosporine treatment at 1 μM only partially inhibits IL-3-stimulated Bcl2 phosphorylation but completely blocks PKC-mediated Bcl2 phosphorylation. [5] Staurosporine induces apoptosis of human foreskin fibroblasts AG-1518, depending on the lysosomal cathepsins D mediated cytochrome c release and caspase activation. [6] In addition to activating the classical mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, Staurosporine triggers a novel intrinsic apoptosis pathway, relying on the activation of caspase-9 in the absence of Apaf-1. [7]
In vivo In the gerbil and rat ischemia models, Staurosporine pretreatment (0.1-10 ng) before ischemia prevents neuronal damage in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting the involvement of PKC in CAl pyramidal cell death after ischemia. [8]

Protocol (Only for Reference)

Kinase Assay:


Enzyme assay and binding assay Protein kinase C is assayed in a reaction mixture (0.25 mL) containing 5 μmol of Tris/HCl, pH 7.5, 2.5 μmol of magnesium acetate, 50 μg of histone II S, 20 μg of phosphatidylserine, 0.88 μg of diolein, 125 nmol of CaCl2, 1.25 nmol of [γ-32]ATP (5-10 × 104 cpm/nmol) and 5 μg of partially purified enzyme. The binding of [3H]PDBu to protein kinase C is determined: Reaction mixture (200 μL contained 4 μmo1 of Tris/malate, pH 6.8, 20 μmol of KCl, 30 nmol of CaC12, 20 μg of phosphatidylserine, 5 μg of partially purified protein kinase C, 0.5% (final concentration) of DMSO,10 pmol of [3H]PDBu (l-3 × 104 cpm/pmol) and 10 μL of various amounts of Staurosporine.

Cell Assay:


Cell lines PC12
Concentrations Dissolved in DMSO, final concentration 1 μM
Incubation Time ~32 hours

Cells are exposed to Staurosporine for ~32 hours. Cells are fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde and stained with the DNA-binding dye Hoechst 33342. Cells are visualized under epifluorescence illumination, and the percentage of apoptotic cells (cells with condensed and fragmented DNA) is determined.

Animal Study:


Animal Models Male Mongolian gerbils or male Wistar rats subjected to transient ischemia
Formulation Dissolved in DMSO, and diluted in saline
Dosages ~10 ng
Administration Stereotaxically administered into the bilateral CAl subfield of the hippocampus


Customer Product Validation

Data from [Data independently produced by PLoS One, 2012, 7(6), e39679]

Intracellular concentration of HSF1-phosphoserine 326, total HSF1, S6 kinase-phosphothreonine-389, total S6 kinase and β-actin, without or with heat shock in HeLa cells pretreated with mTOR inhibitors rapamycin (30 nM) and KU0063794 (2 uM) and kinase inhibitor staurosporine (100 nM) for 2 hr. Relative levels of HSF1-phosphoserine 326 in cells after the various treatments were determined by densitometric analysis of X-ray films, normalized to untreated cells (lane 1), and are indicated below the representation of the immunoblots.

Data from [J Biomol Screen, 2013, 18(4), 388-99]

Staurosporine has been referenced in 8 publications.



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Chemical Structure

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